Acute kidney failure has different causes and symptoms than chronic one. It is important that you educate yourself about the signs of this disease so that you can spot them in a timely manner. Read here how to act correctly in an emergency if your dog is affected by acute kidney failure.
Circulatory disorders of the kidneys are considered to be the main cause of acute kidney failure in dogs. This can happen, for example, if the dog loses a lot of blood after an accident or a lot of fluid due to burns.
Dogs ingesting toxins can also damage their kidneys. This happens again and again, for example, with ethylene glycol, which is contained in antifreeze, since dogs like to lick it up because of its sweet taste.
Unvaccinated dogs are also endangered by leptospira, the causative agent of the Stuttgart dog epidemic. There are also a number of other pathogens.
In contrast to chronic kidney failure, there is no increased thirst. Rather, the general condition worsens abruptly: the dog vomits, has no appetite, is weak and apathetic. The urine output decreases or is completely absent.
Occasionally, affected dogs have severe lumbar pain and stand or lie with their back arched.
Only the veterinarian can help with kidney failure: an affected dog can be saved with infusions, urinary drugs and electrolyte balancing. Dogs with kidney failure must be taken to a veterinary clinic immediately.
If poisoning is the cause, it can help to induce vomiting within the first four to six hours – in any case, the sick dog has to go to the vet.
Large fluid losses, which can damage the kidneys, must be prevented. Dogs suffering from diarrhea, vomiting, or burns should be monitored by a veterinarian, or at least closely watched by the owner, if the owner can identify the first signs of kidney failure in good time. The same applies to circulatory problems.
In general, prevent your dog from ingesting toxic substances. Keep it away from gas stations, garbage dumps, or similar hazardous areas.