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Acute liver disease in the dog

definition

Acute liver diseases include acute hepatopathy, acute liver cell necrosis and current liver failure. These diseases are triggered by viruses (e.g. Hcc), bacteria, toxins, drugs, immune, pancreatic or gastrointestinal diseases, circulatory failure or anemia.

Disease origin and development

If the Hcc is infected by a virus, the virus penetrates the Kupffer’s stellate cells (star-shaped phagocytes in the liver) in order to multiply there. After the host cells are damaged, the hepatocytes (liver cells) become infected.

The bacterial hepatitis, on the other hand, reaches the liver either via the blood or via the bile ducts. The infections occur in the form of a focal point and are often symptom-free. If the cause is to be found in the administration of medication, this is mainly due to long-term use. Severe anemia leads to liver damage due to a lack of oxygen.

Clinical picture – symptoms

Symptoms can be so minor that the owner overlooks them. If there is generalized liver damage, the clinical pictures are also more serious: fever, severely disturbed general condition, vomiting, apathy to coma, dehydration. Jaundice is rarely seen.

forecast

Depending on the cause, the prospects for a cure can be rated as favorable to unfavorable. If there is an underlying disease, it is above all the underlying disease that must be eliminated. Diet is of great importance, as it is possible to relieve the liver. It is best to ask your veterinarian about this.

Acute Liver Diseases Chronic Liver Diseases

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