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Today it is difficult to say exactly how many years the Affenpinscher breed is, although official documents date us only to the 19th century. In fact, the closest ancestors of these dogs are depicted in paintings by Dutch artists as early as the 15th century, which adds an additional 400 years to the official date. The dogs in the paintings have a coarse coat, beard, and the same small size.

The question arises – why did the artists depict these dogs at all, because they are not particularly remarkable in any way? The answer to this question lies in the agility and character of the animals. At that distant time, they were used mainly for hunting rodents, especially large rats, which not even every cat could cope with.

Over the next centuries, until the early – mid-20th century, the small wire-haired pinscher with a restless and rather evil disposition was the favorite pet of every grocery store owner, stable owner or farmer in Germany and Austria. Almost everyone kept these dogs. At least when it comes to ordinary people.

Indeed, in addition to the ability to hunt rats, a small amount of food required (the dog is small), loyalty and courage, affen had another important quality – he was an excellent watchman. The breed retains this ability to this day. However, in those distant times, namely in the 17-18 century, these dogs were still larger than today. Scientists today cannot say exactly who and how made the breed more miniature.

However, it is traditionally accepted that this happened after aristocrats, especially noble ladies, began to get dogs. And, of course, they saw these small dogs exclusively as companions, and wanted to make them as small as possible.

Perhaps there was a cross with pugs, perhaps with the now extinct breed of the German Silky-Coated Pinscher, but in fact the animals from the 15th century paintings are somewhat larger than the almost identical in everything (except for size), their descendants lived in the 17th century.

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The first breed standard began to be developed much later – only in 1902, although it was finally finalized only 11 years later, in 1913. Today, the Affenpinscher breed is considered quite rare in many developed countries. By the way, affen literally means “monkey” in German. Which, let’s face it, partly reflects the nature of the breed.


The Affenpinscher is a small, slender dog. The physique is strong, the limbs are short, muscular, in proportion to the body. The eyes are round, protruding and dark. The ears are triangular, folded in half, the muzzle is flattened, with a “beard”, the tail is short.

The coat is usually black in color, but it can also be silver, brown, black and tan and tan. The dog may have a white patch on the chest.


Affenpinscher is a small dog, but very temperamental. These animals have an inexhaustible supply of energy, anger and various surprises, both pleasant and not so much. Of course, the small size makes this breed not very dangerous for an adult. That is, if the dog catastrophically dislikes some stranger on the street and decides to bite him on the leg, this is certainly unpleasant, but not fatal.

That is, such a side of the affenpinscher’s personality as a cocky and irreconcilable character can even serve you well, and, although this dog needs constant tight-knit gloves, he is not capable of causing serious harm to a person. But! Only for an adult, since everything is much more serious with children.

The Affenpinscher dog does not like children, and this is one of those unpleasant surprises. More precisely, one more. And if you have small children, it is better to choose a different breed for yourself, as these dogs will not tolerate, and will immediately try to scare or bite. Moreover, they do not like children under 4-5 years old in particular, since they create a lot of noise and, as a rule, do not know how to behave with animals.

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In relation to strangers, Affenpinscher does not remain neutral – by default he maintains opposition, sometimes quite tough and irreconcilable. Moreover, if the dog loses its temper too much, it will not be able to calm down quickly, it needs some time. That is, when inviting friends home, be prepared that your pet will arrange a small, local war for 15-20 minutes. Then everything should come back to normal, however, you yourself should not indulge such an animal’s disposition.

As you probably already understood, this breed is in dire need of early socialization, it is simply necessary. In addition, you must constantly monitor the behavior of the dog, otherwise it will quickly start to get out of control. In fact, this is the secret to success when interacting with an Affenpinscher – constant control of behavior and strictness when necessary, give a positive result.

In the circle of his family, the pet is usually playful, affectionate, and often behaves very funny. He cannot be let go to run without a leash if there are other animals or people nearby, because the Affenpinscher may well enter into a fight with another dog, which will be 10 times heavier than him. The outcome of the battle is clear.

If you have a private house, make sure that there are no holes in the fence, and that the fence itself is at least one and a half meters high. Affen is a great watchman, loud and restless. Despite the love for various types of activity, this breed can spend most of the day at home, even if you spend only 10-15 minutes for a walk, this will not be critical.

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Upbringing, upbringing, and again upbringing is the best form in order to achieve success in shaping the behavior of the Affenpinscher breed. In addition, you can devote time to training, especially since the dog must be trained in basic commands. You can’t do without it. Particular attention is paid to the undo commands, since you will often have to stop the animal in various situations.

During training, you need to maintain a positive attitude, remain patient and have enough goodies in your pockets, and you need to be strict but not overdo it. It is necessary to start education and training at a very early age, no later than six months, and if training can be completed at some point, education and the formation of behavior will continue until old age.


The Affenpinscher breed of dogs needs regular brushing, about 1-2 times a week. Some owners cut their pets or take them to the groomer, the ears need to be cleaned 2-3 times a week, the eyes are cleaned daily. You need to bathe your dog at least once a week, or more often. The nails are usually trimmed 3 times a month.

Common diseases

The Affenpinscher is a breed that is prone to some diseases, like most other breeds. Among them:

  • local dislocation of the patella;
  • Legg-Perthes disease;
  • dysplasia of the hip joint – a disease that can be obtained as a result of too much activity, jumping or falling on slippery floors, which is important in the case of Affenpinscher;
  • heart murmurs.