The Afghan Hound breed is widely known all over the world not only for its amazing appearance, but also because it is one of the most ancient breeds on earth. The latest DNA research has confirmed that the Afghan hound originated long before the birth of Christ, and therefore, its existence dates back perhaps more than 3000 years. Since ancient times, these animals have been called Tazi in their homeland.
Now they are rarely used for hunting, but a few centuries ago everything was exactly the opposite. The Afghan hound was an outstanding hunting dog, with which they even went to the leopard, another question is that to fight such a predator, of course, several dogs were required. Also, it should be noted that the dogs usually did not directly participate in the killing of the predator, since their task was to drive him and restrict movement until the arrival of the huntsman, who usually followed his assistants on horseback.
In fact, apart from DNA tests and stories, as well as folklore and images, there is no other evidence of these animals. It is believed that the modern Afghan hound is descended from the crossing of the ancient Afghan breed with the Saluki. The first official written evidence dates back to 1925. This is the first official written document that concerns Afghan hounds and belongs to the pen of an English officer.
The officer kept a whole kennel of these dogs not far from Kabul, and sent several individuals to England, in fact, the document tells us exactly about this. This is an official report, something like a waybill. From England, the breed spread to America. Where it also received many positive reviews.
In the seventies, there was a huge jump in the popularity of this breed, and all thanks to the Barbie doll. The fact is that it was in the 70s that the famous series came out, in which the Afghan Hound breed was present, which made it one of the most recognizable breeds in America and around the world. In the 80s, these dogs became real stars at the shows of the American Kennel Club.
The Afghan hound has a graceful physique, an elongated muzzle, long ears with thick hair that hang down on the sides of the head. The limbs are long, at the withers the dog is high, the coat is thickly covering the entire body. The tail is short and often curled upward.
The Afghan Hound breed has a somewhat non-standard character, and this is reflected in everything. On the one hand, these are very loving and open animals, which within their family are an endless source of kindness, affection and fun. On the other hand, they suddenly, for no apparent reason, may become withdrawn and completely not make contact.
In addition, the Afghan hound has a very developed intellect, and perfectly understands everything that is happening around it, feels the attitude of others and the mood of the owner. Internal independence and as if isolation from everyone around, in fact, does not prevent these pets from being obedient and incredibly loyal.
Another thing is that sometimes the dog simply has no desire to train or play with you, and it is useless to try, using pressure, psychological or physical, to force it to train on a day clearly designated by you. In fact, it will not do any good, and it will only be harmful. It is better to simply take this side of the animal’s nature for granted, and keep in mind that they have been living on this planet for thousands of years, which means that this side of nature is embedded in their blood and genes very deeply.
He treats children very well, if this is a child from a family in which the dog lives, she will silently perceive him as a native creature. They can be shy, and therefore it is better not to keep them in a house with children under 4 years old because of harsh sounds and improper children’s behavior towards animals. In fact, it is difficult to find a more loving, intelligent and affectionate dog in relation to loved ones, but in relation to strangers, everything is completely different.
The Afghan hound is neutral towards strangers, but wary, does not show aggression, but is always on the lookout. If it is a family friend, the dog will show more friendliness, but not immediately. The Afghani will not bark at the guests either – rather, he will simply ignore them. For this reason, as a watchman, this breed is poorly suited.
These animals have a fairly high level of energy, they need to walk in the street every day, and it is desirable that the owner plays various games with his pet. It’s a good idea to jog together. It is not uncommon for Afghan hounds to choose one person as their sole owner, even if they live with a family. They will obey other family members, but to a lesser extent, although they will love them like family.
As we said above, the Afghan Hound breed has a fairly independent character. On the one hand, this can cause certain difficulties in training, on the other hand, if the owner shows sufficient flexibility and forms the right approach, problems can be completely avoided.
First, do not try to force the dog to exercise with pressure, shouting or beating when it is not disposed to it. She will only become more withdrawn, that’s all. Better, go to meet your pet, and reschedule the training until tomorrow. If tomorrow the dog does not show much enthusiasm, try a little trick – translate the training process into a game format.
Just play with the dog, and in the process, enter a few commands when you see that the animal is carried away by the game. Also, remember that the Afghan Hound opens up towards kindness, affection, tenderness, and withdraws in response to rudeness. By the way, keep in mind that when training this breed, treats do not work as a motivator.
The Afghan hound needs to be combed out 2-3 times a week, their hair is long, thick, and therefore the breed is not very suitable for keeping in an apartment.
The nails should be trimmed 3 times a month. The ears are cleaned 2-3 times a week, the eyes are cleaned of deposits daily.
You need to bathe the dog once a week, moreover, it has its own “dances with a tambourine” – it should be warm in the room, the shampoo with a low pH level must be diluted a little with water, moisten the coat with water at room temperature, and then apply the shampoo from root to tip lightly massaging. Then you can use a balm. Dry the wool with a hairdryer, it is better to disassemble the tangles with your fingers. Also, the coat can be trimmed or left untouched.
The Afghan Hound has some health problems like most other dogs. Among them:
- dysplasia of the hip joint;
- juvenile cataracts – this is the main cause of vision loss in the Afghan Shepherd;