The Alaskan Malamute is a very strong, intelligent and ancient Aboriginal type dog that is used to surviving in the harsh conditions of Alaska, with extremely low temperatures and a minimum amount of food. The history of the breed is inextricably linked with the ancient peoples inhabiting Siberia. Several thousand years ago, these dogs made the transition together with the tribes that migrated from Siberia to Alaska, and then settled in a new place.
Today we know the name of only one of the tribes – the Mahlemuts. The tribe itself is now extremely small, if it exists at all, but the ancient people retained their memory thanks to this amazing breed of dogs that has survived to this day. The Mahlemuths, after a long journey, settled in the northeastern part of the Seward Peninsula – this area is considered to be the birthplace of the Alaskan Malamutes.
The ancient inhabitants of Alaska used dogs for more than pulling heavy sleds. Their help was required for hunting seals, protecting against polar bears, and protecting homes. Indigenous peoples have always treated their dogs very well, children were put to bed with them to keep them warm at night, and in general they were treated like family members.
In 1896, the Gold Rush began in Alaska – crowds of people from America and from all over the world flooded in search of gold. They brought in other dogs that were hardy, strong and resistant to cold temperatures. This influenced the purity of the Malamute breed, in addition, several kennels appeared, each of which developed its own breed line.
The first and most legendary kennel was founded by an equally legendary man named Arthur T. Walden – the creator of the Chinook breed. In his kennel in New Hampshire, he also bred Alaskan Malamutes, supplying dogs on expeditions. His work was continued by Milton and Eva Seeley. They began to develop a breed derived from dogs brought from the Norton Sound area of Alaska. This type of Alaskan Malamute is called “kotzebue”.
It is also necessary to talk about the line of malamutes developed by Paul Felker Sr. He bought several individuals in Alaska in 1905 and in the 1920s. This type was named “M’Loot”. Malamutes from his nursery were used during the First and Second World Wars, in addition, they took part in the second expedition of Admiral Byrd.
The Alaskan Malamute Club of America was founded in 1935 and the American Kennel Club gave official recognition to the breed in the same year. During World War II, many malamutes were used for military purposes as dog sleds in operations in cold regions such as Norway and Antarctica, and many of the dogs were destroyed.
The breed of dogs Alaskan Malamute resembles large wolves, has a large build, a wide, powerful chest, limbs of medium length, muscular and very strong. The tail is fluffy saber-shaped. These animals are generally distinguished by tremendous strength and endurance, which can be seen in their every movement. The head is large, the ears are erect, the scruff stands out clearly. The coat is long.
The Alaskan Malamute breed is known for having irrepressible, tremendous energy. If you live in a private house, be sure – your dog will repeatedly destroy your backyard – lawn, garden, vegetable beds – all this will turn into trenches and holes. By the way, it is better to dig the fence deeper, or make a concrete foundation.
The best way to combat this phenomenon is to train your dog to dig holes in one place, and accept the fact that a few square meters of your site will be allocated specifically for this purpose. It is completely impossible to wean an animal from this, well – or very difficult. Plus, you’re robbing him of a lot of fun in life. If you live in a city apartment, keep in mind that he will chew on your shoes, furniture handles, door frames.
These dogs need long walks, exercise, training and training, although it is difficult to train them and not everyone can handle it. Therefore, the Alaskan Malamute is a breed that is not recommended for inexperienced owners, or people with too soft temperament. They are capricious, often, so to speak, “on their own mind”, sometimes they may simply not listen to you, although you give a completely clear command. This, of course, must be fought.
Even if these dogs recognize you as a leader, they, like the Siberian huskies, will still try to test you for strength from time to time. Alaskan Malamute is playful, active, loves various entertainment and toys, loves being in the spotlight, fooling around and having fun. These dogs treat people well, and even strangers are perceived with friendliness.
If you manage to build the right, harmonious relationship with your pet, and put yourself in the role of a leader, this will be a real friend and wonderful companion for the whole family. These dogs are great for children, they love to spend time with them. They are open and need human attention and communication, love to take part in family affairs and feel part of it, require early socialization. If you love winter sports, the Alaskan Malamute will appreciate it, rest assured, and will become your faithful companion on any, even the most difficult hikes.
They have strong natural instincts, and therefore do not be surprised if your dog hunts squirrels in the park, small rodents in the forest, or even tries to catch a bird. Moreover, they need to be friends with small dogs and cats from an early age, if you do not want him to hunt them during a walk in adulthood. Malamutes hardly bark, but they can howl or make a specific sound. They are not suitable as a watchman.
Raising an Alaskan Malamute is an obligatory and necessary process, but not easy. They desperately need the formation of the right character for a harmonious life in the family, since these dogs have their own history with obedience.
To interact with your dog in the right way, here are some simple rules:
- do not feed the dog from the table in any case, especially if he is guilty.
- start the learning process at an early age – no later than 6 months.
- control food intake, making the dog clearly realize that you are the keeper of the most valuable thing for him – food.
- if your pet misbehaves or does not want to follow commands, wait for a walk, hide toys. The dog should be clearly aware of who is the leader in the house.
You need to teach your pet basic commands, but as for specialized ones, here the best thing is to contact a specialist.
The Alaskan Malamute breed needs to be brushed twice a week, and more often during molting. You need to bathe your dog once or twice a week. Sometimes there is information that they can be bathed once a month or even once every six months, but you can imagine what kind of smell they will emit by this time. Be sure to clean the ears and eyes of the animal from deposits and dirt, and trim the nails every 10 days.
The Alaskan Malamute is a very strong and hardy dog, but has a tendency to certain diseases, including:
- chondrodysplasia is a genetic disease;
- dysplasia of the hip joint is a hereditary disease;
- inherited polyneuropathy;
- hemeralopia (day blindness) – this usually starts to show when the puppy is eight weeks old.
1. Malamute in harness can pull up to 1.5 tons of weight.
2. The Alaskan Malamute became the official state dog of Alaska in 2010.
3. Admiral Byrd used Malamutes on his famous Antarctic expeditions in the 1930s.
4. Alaskan Malamutes do not have blue eyes. Their eyes range from light to dark brown to amber, depending on the color of their fur.
5. Alaskan Malamutes get along with other males, but can be aggressive and dominant towards them.
6. Malamutes shed copious amounts of fur throughout the year, especially in the spring and fall.
7. Alaskan Malamute is an indigenous arctic breed, brother of Samoyeds, Siberian huskies and Eskimo dogs of Greenland and Labrador.
8. The Alaskan Malamute was one of four purebred dogs featured on AKC centenary stamps issued in 1984 by the US Postal Service. The breed has appeared on stamps in at least 14 countries.
Did you know?
The Alaskan Malamute is arguably the oldest and by far the largest sled dog in the Arctic. The breed is named after an indigenous Inuit tribe called the Mahlemuts, who settled along the coast of Kotzebue Bay in northwestern Alaska.