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American bulldog


History

The American Bulldog breed originated from the English Bulldog around the late 17th – early 18th centuries, in America, when the colonists (and, subsequently, farmers) needed protection both in moving around the vast expanses of new lands, and in grazing livestock. The main problem of farmers at that time and in that area was wild boars, various kinds of rodents, hares, foxes and wolves.

If cats were started to fight rodents (you can read about them in more detail here), then more serious helpers were needed to fight wild boars, foxes and wolves. The colonists, including those who arrived on the legendary Mayflower ship, brought both cats and dogs with them.

Dogs – English Bulldogs and dogs of an undetermined breed (crossbreed), freely interbred with each other, as a result of which the American Bulldog appeared. He had many of the characteristics of an English Bulldog, but was significantly larger (due to crossing with large dogs of an indeterminate breed), and therefore better suited for the functions of defense and attack.


Description

Slender, muscular, tall (up to 70 cm), these dogs have a head structure very similar to the English Bulldog. The ears are folded forward, but they are usually cropped at a young age. The chest is wide, the whole physique directly indicates the strength and innate qualities of a fighter and a guard. The colors can be different, but the most common are white and white with black spots.

The American Bulldog is good at gaining weight and muscle mass. Today, there are three main types of American Bulldog dogs. It:

  • bully or Classic, also known as the Johnson type;
  • the Standard type (aka Performance), which is called the Scott type;
  • hybrids of the above two types.
Read also:  American Hairless Terrier


Personality

Despite the innate qualities of a fighter and protector, they are very kind and easy-to-handle dogs. They get along well with children and people of all ages, have an inexhaustible supply of energy, love to spend time outdoors, love games and strength training. They perfectly fit into any family, and can become a friend for a lonely master, forging strong relationships with their loved ones.

Although these dogs have a very friendly and open nature, they nevertheless require the same openness, fairness and kindness in their treatment (and, especially, in the process of training and education). Inadequacy, unfair screams or beatings will have an extremely negative effect on the psyche of the animal.

The American Bulldog breed requires early socialization, especially if there is a child in the house. The same can be said about cats – the dog needs to be taught from an early age to the presence of a cat in the house, otherwise, in the future it will be much more difficult to do. Despite the fact that the American Bulldog feels fine in a city apartment, it is still preferable to keep him in a private house. So that the dog has constant access to the street, and can release its energy in various activities.


Training

The American Bulldog is a very open and extremely active dog, from which one should proceed in education. If the animal does not walk freely and get tired on the street from training and running around, it will not be able to realize its energy reserve. This can lead to a variety of consequences – from enchanting disorder in the house while you are at work, to disobedience on a walk, when the dog can run away and will have to look for it for several hours.

Read also:  Alaskan Malamute

If you go for a walk, add variety – in addition to the standard throws of the stick, try taking the dog for a run, teaching it commands, rewarding success. Communication with other dogs on the street is also important – that is, you can communicate with their owners, and your pet will be happy to play with new friends. There should be no problems in this respect.


Care

Short hair requires virtually no maintenance, bathing can be done as needed, but at least once a week. Be sure to keep your ears and eyes clean, and trim your nails.


Common diseases

In general, these are healthy animals with good immunity. But, the American Bulldog can still be prone to:

    • Cataract, demodicosis and hypothyroidism.
    • The breed may develop hip or elbow dysplasia, especially if dogs gain weight too quickly in the first two years.
    • Some American Bulldogs may suffer from brachycephalic syndrome and find it difficult to cope with hot weather. Dogs with white or mostly white coats are more prone to sunburn and possibly skin cancer (in rare cases). A protective cream for dogs when they are outside for a long time can help.

    Responsible breeders will check for hip dysplasia. This is why your puppy’s parents must have medical certifications to check for hip dysplasia, including an assessment of the condition of the hip joint.