American Eskimo Spitz (American Eskimo dog)


The American Eskimo Spitz is a very famous breed, but with a specific past. The specificity lies in the fact that no one today will tell you where this breed came from. One thing is for sure – dogs belong to the Spitz family – a Nordic group of breeds that includes animals of all sizes. For example, this is a Samoyed, a rather large dog, and, in fact, an Eskimo Spitz.

The breed gained wide popularity thanks to emigrants from Germany and Austria who came to America with these dogs. In the United States, they came to the taste not only of ordinary people, but also of the owners of circuses and various theatrical stages of the 19th century. The appearance of these pets and their ability to perform even complex commands have made them the stars of many circus programs. Subsequently, these dogs became known as the American Spitz.

In 1917 the American Pomeranian was officially renamed and given the name American Eskimo Pomeranian. By the way, as well as the origin of the breed, no one will explain the origin of the name with a reference to the Eskimos either. The American Eskimo Dog Club was founded in 1985, and in 1995 the American Kennel Club recognized the breed in the Non-Sporting group.


One of the main distinguishing features is the amazing intelligence of these small dogs, thanks to which they have earned the title of one of the smartest breeds in the world. Their developed mind is combined with the depth of personality and the ability to make independent judgments, to have, so to speak, their own view of the state of affairs.

Therefore, do not be surprised if your dog tries to prevent a family quarrel in an extremely sweet and peaceful way. Which one – she will decide for herself. It’s not for nothing that she has her own opinion on everything.

The American Eskimo dog also has tremendous intrinsic charm, combined with charm on the outside. Most people fall in love with them at first sight, and those who do not fall in love at first sight do it at second sight. In any case, it is impossible to remain indifferent to this dog.

They can easily memorize complex commands, they perfectly understand the wishes of the owner and the rules of behavior in the house, however, in no case try to behave aggressively or use unfair methods of education. By doing this, you will only set the dog up against yourself, and break its psyche in such a way, and without revealing its personality completely.

The Eskimo Spitz loves various games, needs intellectual and physical activity, loves walks and the company of his beloved people. Despite their inner independence, they are very kind, sympathetic and affectionate dogs who appreciate attention and give it double. It is perfect as a companion dog.

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Sometimes Eskimo Pomeranians are even too active, but not destructive, but rather foolish and thirsty for exuberant fun. Children are treated well. By the way – these dogs are very talkative. They have a wide variety of vocal variations, with the help of which they strive to express the whole gamut of their rich inner world.


The ability to quickly understand the wishes and words of the owner, combined with innate good nature and gentleness, make these dogs almost ideal in terms of education. It is easy to achieve results from them, and you can teach how to perform not only basic commands, but also more complex ones. The Eskimo has a good memory, for example, can remember and distinguish objects that should be brought. That is, he can remember what slippers and a bag are, and what is the difference between them.

Since these are good-natured and intelligent animals, they should also be treated like a good friend. Severity is needed only in some everyday situations, but in training, constancy and perseverance are important, with the encouragement of the dog’s success. After all, this breed still shows wonders of ingenuity in the circus today.


The American Eskimo has a voluminous coat that must be brushed out at least once a week. Bathe the dog once or twice a week, trim the nails as necessary, and keep the ears and eyes of the animal clean to remove deposits.

Common diseases

The Eskimo Spitz breed is potentially healthy, and does not suffer from any complex hereditary diseases, with a few exceptions, namely:

  • dysplasia of the hip joint;
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease – also affects the hip joint;
  • progressive retinal atrophy;
  • juvenile cataract – concerns relatively young (up to six years old) Eskimo Spitz. It is considered a hereditary disease.
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But, all these cases are rare, and if the owner provides good maintenance and quality food, in 99% of cases he does not have to worry about visiting a veterinarian.

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