The American Hairless Terrier is a breed that originates from dogs called Fays. Feist is a mixed breed introduced to the United States at the dawn of the formation of this country – in the 18th century. A hundred years later, the Faist was chosen as the basis for the creation of the so-called rat terriers – dogs of this type were very much in demand in farms, warehouses and shops throughout the country.
To obtain a rat terrier, Italian greyhounds were added to the breed, as well as a beagle and a miniature pinscher. The Rat Terrier (or Rat Terrier) served faithfully to many people in America, and once, namely, in 1972, an unusual puppy was born. He was bald.
It happened on the farm of Edwin and Willie Scott, in Louisiana. Nine years later, Josephine, as the puppy was named, gave birth to the first offspring, which also turned out to be hairless. In fact, the dogs born to Josephine were the first American Hairless Terrier puppies, from which all lines that exist today are descended.
In 1998, the breed was recognized as the American Hairless Terrier (ANT) by the American Rare Breed Association and the National Rat Terrier Club. In 1999 this breed was recognized by the United Kennel Club as the Rat Terrier, Hairless variety.
They are small dogs with a lean, wiry, but muscular build. The limbs are of medium length, the neck is long, the abdominal cavity is pronounced. The ears are folded, the tail is medium, the hair is either completely absent, or there is a very short cover. The International Breed Standard allows for both.
They are very energetic and active dogs, which always have little movement. That is, daily walks in the amount of two, at least 30 minutes each, is a prerequisite for keeping such a dog, however, if you think that after a walk he will calmly lie at home on the couch for half a day, you are mistaken. He will look for an opportunity to participate in family affairs, will ask to play with him, or he will play on his own.
Therefore, you definitely need to make sure that your pet has plenty of toys. Of course, hunting instincts are also a mandatory attribute of the American Hairless Terrier breed. If you go to the park, or go on a picnic with friends in the forest, be sure that your pet will certainly try to catch some prey. It can be a squirrel, mouse, hare, or even a bird. It is imperative to train obedience, because otherwise there will be trouble.
If you let him off the leash in the forest, you may need to look for the dog for a long time and persistently, as pursuing an interesting smell, it can get carried away a little and run away quite far. In fact, if you don’t pay enough attention to teaching and obedience, then this can happen while walking in the park.
Since this is a terrier, he also enjoys digging. If you have a private house, with a plot on which there are flower beds, vegetable beds, a lawn, be sure that the dog will definitely try to dig holes. Better from an early age to teach her to dig holes in one place.
Children are perceived normally, positively, they are always happy to play and have fun. The child must be taught the correct handling of the animal, in order to avoid unpleasant moments, since the dog has its own limit of patience. Strangers are generally perceived as normal, but if the dog is aware of himself as a watchman on his territory, of course, it will perceive them distrustfully and react to any suspicious phenomena.
The American Hairless Terrier has a good intellect, understands a person well, but sometimes emotions and impulses still prevail. With other animals, the situation can be different, same-sex aggression is possible. It is unlikely that you will use the American Hairless Terrier for catching rats, but if he lives in a private house, he will certainly do it. In any case, he will become an excellent companion for the whole family, very funny, cheerful and cheerful.
He shows great love and devotion to his family, and adapts well to various living conditions, does not tolerate cold, this is obvious due to the lack of wool. Therefore, in cold weather, a warm overalls are needed. It is also not recommended to stay in the open sun on hot days for too long. By the way, this rare breed can be a good option for someone with an allergy to down and pet hair. Although it cannot be called completely hypoallergenic.
The American Hairless Terrier breed needs early socialization, like most dogs, in order to make the character more harmonious, gentle and open towards other dogs and people. These pets have a lot of energy and need training and obedience training. The training session should not be too long, it can be divided into two.
Make sure that the session is not monotonous, otherwise the dog will quickly get bored. Training must necessarily include elements of games, various active exercises. You need to have a good sense of humor, be patient, wise and kind owner who knows how to control himself. The breed can be taught basic commands, but this is far from the limit.
As you can imagine, there is no need for combing in individuals without a coat. Those individuals that have short hair need a maximum of combing once a week. You need to bathe your dog at least once a week, choosing a shampoo with a suitable pH. The claws are trimmed about 3 times a month, the ears are cleaned 2-3 times a week, the eyes are cleaned daily. By the way, the breed has no sweat glands on its skin.
The American Hairless Terrier breed has good health and good immunity, and rarely suffers from any disease.
- allergies – maybe even to grass, and to many other things;
- skin pigmentation in the sun.