The Australian Kelpie breed of dogs originated from Australia, forgive the obviousness and tautology. This happened when in the middle of the 19th century, black collies were brought to the continent, which interbred with various dogs, and also, according to some sources, even with a wild dingo dog (Dingo), as evidenced by some external similarity (although in 2019, studies were carried out genome which established that there were no wild dingoes in the genus).
The results of these crosses exceeded all the breeders’ expectations, and they needed a dog that could participate in grazing, moreover, in the hot Australian climate. Actually, it cannot be said that professional breeders were engaged in breeding the breed. This statement is also supported by the fact that the first individual (female) was sold in 1872 by a Scotsman named George Robertson, Jack Gleeson. And the name of the dog was just Kelpie, which later became the name for the whole breed.
Kelpie is the name of the water spirit from Scottish mythology. As you can imagine, both of these people were settlers. Even then, a dog named Kelpie did not resemble the traditional black collie, and later changed even more due to crossing, which, obviously, was free and little controlled. Although, purposeful crossbreeding also took place.
One way or another, over time, a breed standard emerged that possessed a huge amount of energy, could withstand the harsh climatic conditions of Australia, and stay in the sun indefinitely, with outstanding endurance.
Later the Kelpie breed became popular far beyond Australia. For example, in the United States, these dogs are highly valued in the hot States, for their outstanding innate qualities of a shepherd, and in Sweden they are used for mine rescue work. Now there are 2 types of Kelpies – exhibition and working. The former are bred with an emphasis on appearance for performances at exhibitions, and the latter are bred for grazing. These dogs are also called the Australian Shepherd.
Kelpies are medium-sized dogs with pointed ears and a wedge-shaped muzzle. The chest is high, the physique is muscular, the legs are of medium length, the tail is not docked.
A kelpie dog has a gentle and kind character, perfect as a reliable and loyal friend, with whom you can go even to the ends of the world. Their endurance is what they are famous for, they can neither eat, nor sleep, be on their feet all day and at the same time do an excellent job of their functions. Whether it be cattle guarding, joint travel, guarding the yard of a private house – the kelpie always shows itself in the best possible way.
This is truly a friend of man in every sense of the word. They have an excellent sense of smell, excellent hearing, they have specific shepherd skills unique to this breed. A developed intellect makes it possible to perfectly understand not only the master’s speech, but also his psycho-emotional state, provide support in difficult times and memorize commands. Very independent and self-reliant, but not stubborn.
Children are treated well and taken care of. They love to play and need constant daily activity, including mental activity. Since the Kelpie breed was originally designed for intensive activity, in the conditions of a city apartment, the owner will have to seriously attend to this issue. The ideal place for keeping them is, of course, a private house with its own yard.
By the way, a dog can spend the whole day without the presence of the owner, absolutely not suffering from loneliness. But, if you do not provide your pet with the proper level of activity, and leave him for the whole day in the apartment, you can be sure that a complete mess will await you upon arrival. After all, energy needs to be put somewhere. Also, the animal needs socialization and education, as it can give voice to any stimuli – strangers, loud noise in the yard, etc.
The Kelpie breed of dogs genetically possesses excellent ability to protect the territory, and it does not even need to be specially trained in this. Another question is that they need to be trained in commands, correct behavior and obedience, since by their nature they are quite independent dogs. In addition – with a huge amount of energy.
To train your pet to restrain itself, you need to do this constantly, over time. You can start training as early as 5-6 months. It is important to limit the overabundance of reactions to stimuli, so that the dog learns not to respond to the slightest rustle by barking, but vigilantly watched what is happening, “turning on” when there is a real danger.
The independent character of the kelpie must be respected – do not suppress the pet, praise him for his success, and respect him. These are very smart dogs – they understand everything, even if they try to convince you otherwise. Therefore, they remember commands easily, they understand what you want from them. Fairness, patience and kindness – this is what will make the dog respect you and not only obey commands, but also listen to you as an authority.
With regard to hair care, the Kelpie breed is quite unpretentious, needs weekly combing and nothing more. Some individuals have an undercoat and shed. Be sure to keep your ears clean, remove deposits in your eyes daily, and bathe your pet once or twice a week.
The Kelpie breed is generally in good health, but sometimes the following problems may occur: