The Australian Terrier is a breed native to Australia, as you probably guessed from the name. However, despite the fact that the breed is considered Australian, it descended from British Terriers, which were imported by settlers. In the course of the formation of the breed, various terriers interbred with each other until they turned out to be a small, but very funny and in many ways useful companion.
The Yorkshire Terrier, Skye Terrier, as well as the predecessor of the Dandy Dinmont Terrier and the Wirehaired Terrier participated in this. The first European settlers in Australia lived in rather harsh conditions, they had to start everything literally from scratch, in a new climate and in a completely different environment from their own. Therefore, the requirements for dogs that were supposed to share with them all the hardships of this life also corresponded.
That is why the Australian Terrier, although very small, is hardy and fearless, because he was required not only to be a watchdog that can warn of danger. He also served as a hunter for rodents and small animals, and these instincts in the breed are still strong. They were used not only on farms, but also in gold mines to catch snakes.
Surprisingly, not the Aussie (Australian Shepherd), but the Australian Terrier, this is the first native breed to receive official recognition in Australia. They were first demonstrated in 1868 in Melbourne as “Australian Terrier with long hair”, and it was officially renamed “Australian Terrier” in 1897.
These dogs were first brought to England by diplomatic workers in the first half of the 20th century, and the Australian Terrier received official recognition from the British Kennel Club in 1933. From Great Britain, the breed came to the United States, around the 40s, when military personnel and military journalists during the Second World War brought them with them from England.
In 1960, the Australian Terrier became the 114th breed recognized by the American Kennel Club, and, in 21 years (since 1939), the first new breed of terriers. The Australian Terrier Club of America was founded in 1957 and became a member of the AKC in 1977.
They are small, well-built dogs with curly hair. The ears are erect, the muzzle has a “beard”, the limbs are short but proportional, the tail is short. The color can be sand, red and blue and tan.
The Australian Terrier breed has a very open and playful nature, which makes the life of others more interesting – there is no doubt about it. However, the mood of the dog is directly related to the mood of the owners, since this breed is extremely attached to its owners. That is, she is so attached that she takes over the state of mind of loved ones. If you are happy, the dog will be happy with you, but if you are sad, he will share the sadness with you, peacefully lying next to you on the couch. And he will not get out of his flighty behavior at the wrong moment – except occasionally.
The Australian Terrier is a breed that loves play, fun, entertainment and all kinds of activities in general. In fact, activity does not have to consist of games, because if you live in a private house, the dog will definitely try to hunt rats, dig a hole in the yard or dig a wormhole, even trying to get to its owner. So the perfect lawn or a fresh patch is always at stake.
In general, any small animals and even cats (and sometimes cats in particular) make the Australian Terrier want to hunt them. Moreover, if you teach your dog to have a cat in the house, then all other cats – that is, neighbors or homeless, street ones, will still remain enemies. The tendency to hunt various small animals can be weaned off, but this should be done from an early age.
The dominant personality traits make the dog a little very funny, playful and always ready for fun. The breed has a certain subconscious attraction to the disabled, the elderly and children, which makes it an excellent companion for these groups of people. However, small children need to be careful, as the Australian Terrier has a certain edge of patience, and if the child steps over it, the dog will not tolerate. On the other hand, for a child, it is a wonderful companion for games and entertainment, a best friend and loyal companion.
The Australian Terrier is always eager to be actively involved in the day to day activities of its family, and loves to poke its cold little nose everywhere and everywhere. Despite the fact that the dog loves to fool around, be in the spotlight and sometimes even behave frankly stupid, nevertheless, their intellect is quite developed, they perfectly understand a person and can learn a lot of commands. This makes them good companions for people with disabilities and the elderly.
When walking, you need to be on your guard, as the pet may try to attack larger dogs, although usually the attack continues until the first fright.
The Australian Terrier breed needs education and training, as well as socialization. And they are happy to teach commands, however, you will also need to pay attention to obedience and undo commands so that you can, for example, silence the dog at the right time, or stop when it tries to bark at a large dog in the park or a stranger. …
During training, maintain a positive attitude and use various types of rewards. Plus, you need a sense of humor and patience. At times, these dogs need the firm hand of a leader, but not in the sense of being rude or beating, but in the sense of a leader and reasonable severity when needed.
You need to try to make activities as active and fun as possible, as this breed can quickly get bored. In addition, it is necessary to constantly bring in something new, again, for the reason that otherwise the classes quickly become boring. Monotony in this case would be the worst idea. Overworking the Australian Terrier is not worth it, as well as forcing it to exercise. If you see that the dog is tired, extend the lesson for another five, maximum 10 minutes, no more.
The Australian Terrier needs to be brushed out about 2 times a week, the dog needs to be bathed at least once a week or more often. Claws are trimmed 3 times a month, ears are cleaned 3 times a week, eyes are cleaned daily.
Like other dog breeds, the Australian Terrier is prone to several diseases, although there are very few of them:
- knee dislocation;
- legg pertes disease;