Azawak is an ancient and rare breed of dog that originated in the Sahara Desert, namely in the Sahel region. In this region there is the Azavak valley – in fact, various legends and beliefs associate the breed with it. In fact, no one can say for sure when exactly this breed appeared in the endless sands of the Sahara Desert, however, nomadic tribes endow it with a very long history.
Modern researchers agree that the breed is at least 2000 years old, and at least the last 1000 years they have been domesticated throughout. The Azawakh breed is sometimes also called the Tuareg greyhound, since it was the nomadic Tuareg tribes, as it is believed, who perfected dogs for many centuries. By the way, one of the features is the absence of impurities of any other breeds for almost the last 1000 years, since Tuaregs generally live quite apart, in addition, they themselves have always been primarily interested in preserving the purity of the breed.
Also, it is believed that the Azawakh developed in the Niger River basin, practically without leaving the region. That is, the surrounding conditions also contributed to the preservation of the breed’s purity, due to which, in an extremely isolated environment, the Azawakh existed until 1970.Since 1981, the breed has an official international registration of the FCI.
That is, we can say that fate itself saved the breed from mixing blood with other breeds, thanks to which there are simply no non-purebred individuals now. On the other hand, there are also very few purebred individuals, because in their homeland their number does not increase, but remains the same or even, rather, decreases, while the rest of the dog-breeding world is also experiencing an extreme deficit. Which also affects the price. Traditionally, dogs were used for hunting and sentry functions, however, over time, keeping them became a sign of status.
Over the long period of its evolution, the Azawakh breed has developed amazing qualities that are directly related to their physique. This is a very thin skin, on which there is practically no hair, but there are many blood vessels – for better cooling (by the way, the Azawakh can tolerate very intense heat). The muscles are flat and well defined. The head is narrow and long, the limbs are long. The coat is short.
The first thing to know is emotional sensitivity and detachment from everyone in general. The only exception can be the owner – if you have succeeded in becoming a leader, friend and just a good owner for the animal. Azawakh is a typical representative of domestic animals, choosing one person for themselves, to whom he is exclusively devoted.
Many personality traits of the dog are associated with this, for example, isolation and distrust. There are several legends when the owner gave an order to the Azawakh, and he carried it out even despite the opposition of family members in the absence of the owner. Moreover, no one managed to break the will of the dog, although the outcome in Eastern legends is different and sometimes unpredictable, which, at times, ends with the death of the animal.
However, it is this legendary strength of character called “djikku” that commands the greatest respect among the harsh desert peoples. For the future owner, this can only mean one thing – do not try to overreact your pet, as this will not end well. Of course, the Azawakh breed is one of those that need socialization in the first place. Therefore, try to ensure that your dog from an early age has communication with other people, animals, and communication should be extremely positive and open.
If the pet is guilty, beatings and such behavior in general are unacceptable. These are very intelligent dogs that can draw conclusions on their own, and often, so to speak, on their own mind. Here you need to behave with restraint, patient, wise, with kindness and patience. Severity should be exercised only when it is truly necessary.
Dogs perceive strangers extremely distrustfully and withdrawn, they perform excellent guard functions (they have a very developed sense of their own territory), although in order to restrain the robber, a more powerful breed may be needed. She perceives children and other pets normally. Has a high level of energy, needs long walks and is able to develop tremendous speed while running, compressing like a spring.
Since these dogs have practically no hair, brushing is not required, with rare exceptions. You need to bathe with shampoo with the correct pH, at least once a week, eyes are usually cleaned daily, ears 2-3 times a week. The nails are trimmed about 3 times a month.
There is little data on the health of the Azawakh breed, but remember that they do not tolerate open sun (but not heat in general), cold, and are sensitive to anesthesia.