Babesiosis is an anemia caused by protozoa of the Babesia genus. The Babesia destroy the red blood cells, which releases the hemoglobin (iron-containing red blood pigment). It is not uncommon for jaundice to occur.
The disease is transmitted by ticks. The tick species responsible in our latitudes are Rhicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick) and the alluvial forest tick (Dermacentor reticulatus). After the dog is infected, the pathogen migrates to the red blood cells (erythrocytes), where it multiplies. It then leaves the host cell to attack other erythrocytes.
Incubation lasts two days to five weeks. The symptoms are a disturbed general condition, fever well over 40 ° C and apathy. In addition to the rapidly developing jaundice, many dogs have a greatly enlarged spleen that can fill the entire mid-abdomen. In some cases, the liver was enlarged.
Babesiosis can be fatal if left untreated. If your dog has any of the above symptoms, you should see a veterinarian immediately.
Vaccination prophylaxis are not allowed in Germany because the vaccines are not approved here. Therefore, use spot-on preparations as tick protection from March to May and from September to October.
BabesiosisBorreliosisCanine ParvovirusHepatitis Canis ContagiousInfectious TracheobronchitisLeishmaniasis