How a dog should be fed can depend on various factors, such as body size and daily performance. Again, some principles can be applied to any dog. The following basic dog nutrition rules will help you feed your dog properly.
Always feed your dog at the same time so that his digestive tract can adjust to the meal. The fixed feeding times also have an educational purpose: If you stick to them consistently and don’t give the dog anything in between, he will soon give up begging or not even start.
You should never serve wet food straight from the refrigerator, as it may still be too cold for the dog’s stomach. It is better to wait a little before feeding the food from the refrigerator.
After about half an hour you should put away the food bowl, regardless of whether the dog has eaten everything or not. With this measure you achieve two things: The food cannot spoil in the bowl and your dog is trained to eat his food immediately.
A normal sized family dog should be fed at the same time once a day. For extremely small dogs or particularly large dogs, feeding twice a day is more digestible.
Small dogs should be fed twice because they use a relatively large amount of energy for their size. Very large dogs should have smaller but more frequent meals because their digestive tract is relatively short and very sensitive. A dangerous twisting of the stomach can thus be prevented.
Several meals a day may also be appropriate for dogs that have to perform exceptionally, such as sled dogs. It can make sense to add easily digestible carbohydrates to the food ration of these dogs.
More than once a day, pregnant bitches from the second half of pregnancy and bitches suckling puppies should also be fed. In the pregnant bitch, the puppies take up so much space in the stomach that the bitch’s stomach no longer fits as much food as she needs.
A nursing bitch needs a lot of energy to produce milk for the puppies. The best way to feed your pregnant or lactating bitch is ideally discussed with your veterinarian.