Belgian shepherd malinois


The Malinois breed of dogs has a not very ancient past, as it appeared at the beginning of the 19th century, in Belgium. In fact, this is only one of four breeds related to each other: tervuren (long coat with a black mask), Groenendael (black long coat), Laekenois (fawn, coarse coat), and Malinois (short coat with a black mask).

The breed appeared as a result of research by Belgian veterinarians and dog breeders. They created the Belgian Shepherd Dog Club and conducted a study, trying to find out the main features of the shepherd dogs living in Belgium, in its various regions. The result was the gradual creation of a standard for these four breeds above, since the vast majority of Belgian shepherds differed only in color and coat length.

Based on the data obtained, in 1892, the first standard of the Malinois breed was drawn up by Professor Adolph Royle. By the way, at about the same time, dog breeders suggested that herding dogs in Belgium are less and less used for their intended purpose, simply because the number of farms is decreasing, which means it is necessary to introduce tests for obedience, agility and other new canine disciplines to help Belgian shepherds show yourself in a different role.

Over the next years, many breeders began to actively breed Belgian Shepherd Dogs, and cross them with each other to obtain new varieties, this is how the four main types of the breed appeared, which it was decided to assign their own names. Today they are considered separate breeds.

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After the First World War, in the 1920s and 1930s, many serious, distinguished Belgian Shepherd kennels were established, which helped to restore the declining population.

Today the Malinois breed is known all over the world for its intelligence and obedience, and is even used in army units. For example, these dogs detect drugs, explosives, and other functions in the border troops. Moreover, not only in Belgium and other European countries, but also in the United States.


Malinois are medium sized dogs with a muscular build and pronounced chest. The head is of medium length, the eyes are almond-shaped, dark brown. The muzzle is regular in shape, the ears are triangular, erect. The tail is of medium length, the coat is short. The color is yellow-brown and charcoal.


The Malinois breed is not suitable for novice owners, or those who lead a sedentary lifestyle. These dogs are extraordinarily cheerful, love to play, walk in the street, and generally spend time as actively as possible. For many centuries of its existence, the Belgian Shepherd Dogs devotedly served people, and therefore the Malinois breed cannot spend time lying on the couch.

She does not even understand how it is possible in principle – to live in inactivity and be a happy animal. After all, the Malinois gets its “dog’s happiness” precisely in activity, in activity and in close interaction with loved ones. Of course, if you decide to get a dog of this breed, you are unlikely to use it for grazing sheep or cows.

Most likely, it will be a companion for the whole family, the child’s best friend, a faithful companion for jogging, and of course a watchman if you live in a private house. This means that the dog should realize its desire to serve people precisely in contact with you and various types of activity. In this sense, training, physical activity and training helps well.

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Malinois loves to participate in all matters, poke his nose everywhere, and feel like a full member of the family. Aggression or, on the contrary, depression of character and fear, are unusual for these dogs. If such character traits appear, there are two options – either it is the fault of the wrong upbringing, or it is, one might say, the marriage of the breed.

A Malinois dog is very intelligent and has a quick reaction (it is believed that they are superior in reaction speed to German shepherds). They are emotionally sensitive creatures, and therefore rudeness and beatings are unacceptable. By the way, thanks to this quality, they perfectly feel the mood of others, and can guess the desires of the owner.

Strangers are perceived without aggression, but they can perceive themselves as a watchman and stand up for protection, although if a stranger’s dog or an intruder retreats, the Malinois, most likely, will not pursue him or continue the fight until the enemy is completely destroyed, even despite the commands of the owner.

They love children, happily spend time with them (but they need to be taught to the presence of children from childhood), and sometimes they can slightly bite their heels. Affected by the shepherd’s past – in the canine mind, children are like responsible creatures, like cows or sheep, which must be monitored and driven into the room to rest.


The Malinois breed of dogs, as a rule, is always happy about the process of training. For her, this is another useful and interesting activity, as well as an opportunity to realize her energy and do something with the owner. That is, whichever side you look at – for the temperament of these dogs, training, especially if it is also associated with physical activity and is presented with elements of play, is a wonderful activity.

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Accordingly, no problems should arise. The main thing is to have enough patience, not to make the classes too boring and monotonous, since this breed cannot stand this, and also to maintain a positive attitude and kindness.


The Belgian Malinois dog breed has a short coat that needs to be brushed once a week. Always keep your pet’s ears and eyes clean and free of deposits. Bathe the dog at least once a week. Claws are trimmed once every 10 days. Molting occurs 2 times a year.

Common diseases

Like any other breed of dog, the Malinois is prone to several diseases, including:

  • Hip dysplasia, an inherited condition that can occur in very active dogs such as Malinois
  • progressive retinal atrophy;
  • elbow dysplasia is a hereditary disease;
  • Anesthesia sensitivity – Malinois are very sensitive to anesthesia. They have a higher-than-average mortality rate with anesthesia due to their muscle-to-fat ratio.

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