The Belgian Shepherd Tervuren is one of the traditional Belgian breeds. These include:
- actually, tervuren (long-haired, gray-black, fawn or red);
- Groenendael (long-haired, black);
- Laekenois (wire-haired);
- malinois (shorthaired).
In fact, dogs like the Belgian Shepherd have long been growing and developing in this area, however, at a certain point, dog breeders decided to conduct a study and identify the main types of dogs. However, it was the breeders who subsequently divided the Belgian Shepherd into four main types. In particular, the Tervuren breed has its own history.
The name of the breed, known in the homeland as Chien de Berger Belge, comes from the village of Tervuren, where a breeder named M.F.Korbil lived. At the beginning of the 20th century, he thought that black and fawn dogs could be crossed in order to standardize the modern Tervuren.
Tervuren is a truly versatile dog. Before the industrial era took over Belgium in earnest, people really needed these pets, and first of all, farmers. Simply because there were still quite a few farms, and they needed both a reliable guard of the territories and a dog that could help in grazing cattle on pastures.
When, nevertheless, due to the development of the industry, the number of farms decreased, the tervuren remained a watchdog and companion for ordinary residents who did not carry out farming activities, in addition, he was always in demand in barnyards.
Currently, the tervuren, in addition to the above functions, is also used as K-9 police dogs, in border and other troops, in search and rescue operations, and as dogs for the disabled. In addition, the Tervuren breed is champions at dog shows in agility, as well as in obedience tests and cattle grazing.
Tervuren are large dogs with a well-proportioned, muscular build. The head is moderately long, the eyes are of medium size, slightly almond-shaped, dark brown. The ears are triangular and straight. The limbs are of medium length, the tail is fluffy, longer than average.
The coat is short on the head, but long on the rest of the body, especially on the neck and chest, where it forms a collar. The color is gray-black, fawn or red.
The Tervuren breed has a very kind and open character, especially towards its family. This is truly an ideal companion and a wonderful friend for a person of any age, who will always be happy to help everyone in his power. These dogs have excellent intelligence, they perfectly understand the person, they are very smart, they always feel the situation in the house and, with proper upbringing, they always know what can be done and what not. Thanks to the excellent memory, many commands are remembered, moreover, if the dog is well trained, it simply often understands what they want from it, and does everything right.
They behave nobly, reasonably and restrained, they do not show aggression with strangers, but they are not too friendly either. At least, if this is not a family friend whom the pet knows well. On the other hand, a lot depends on the upbringing and the owner’s ability to socialize his dog as efficiently as possible. Although, usually, the breed accepts the learning process well and seeks to please the owner.
However, tervuren has a very high energy level, which is not surprising for a dog who grazed sheep and cows all day long in mountain pastures. It is extremely important here to direct energy in the right direction, otherwise, an independent character can lead to difficulties. You must remember that herding dogs often spent a lot of time away from the owner, and had to make their own decisions.
In addition, do not forget that you will definitely have to provide the animal with the proper level of physical activity, namely, long walks, running, active games. If you cannot provide a high level of activity, and the dog will sit at home alone during the day, and you will walk it in the morning for 5 minutes and in the evening for 10 minutes, it will end with the fact that it starts chewing on furniture, throwing things around and in general, its character will deteriorate.
It is necessary to clearly understand that the dog needs a close relationship with the owner, and is not suitable for everyone. You really have to spend a lot of time with her. Tervuren are quite sensitive emotionally, because they acutely feel the negative in their direction, which, over time, accumulates and bears fruit.
Children are perceived well, they love them by default, they can be a good nanny, as they feel their responsibility for them. Like many other herding dogs, sometimes they can bite children on the heels, and try to drive them into the room, for example, in the evening. But, this is more of a joke, very positive and always brings a smile.
The Tervuren breed needs proper education, which is necessary not only for acquiring skills and memorizing commands, but also for character formation. It is important to be a kind and fair owner with a dog, since this breed categorically does not accept rough methods of communication and beatings, and very keenly feels injustice. In addition, they are generally characterized by high emotional sensitivity.
Negativity accumulates and breaks the character of the dog, making it timid and withdrawn, but this is only one side of the coin. After all, a deeply suppressed mental pain can subsequently shoot out, the dog will become uncontrollable, cause trouble, and no one can say what will become a secondary cause. Although, with the Tervuren breed, this happens extremely rarely. Rather, the animal will withdraw into itself and will often simply ignore the owner. They can learn many different commands, because it is not for nothing that they are used in search operations and as assistants for disabled people.
Long coats need to be brushed at least two to three times a week. Usually, a haircut is not required. These dogs shed quite a lot, and some people even knit socks, mittens and a scarf from this wool, by the way, very warm and soft.
Eyes should be cleaned daily, ears 2-3 times a week, claws trimmed three times a month, and the dog should be bathed at least once a week.
Not recommended for city or apartment living. Tervuren thrives best in the countryside with work and ample space to safely roam, run, work and play.
The Tervuren breed of dogs is prone to certain diseases, although they are usually healthy and strong animals:
- dysplasia of the hip joint;
- malformation of the hip joint;
- elbow dysplasia;
- progressive retinal atrophy, which causes vision loss and blindness;