The Border Terrier, or Border Terrier, is the result of farmers’ determined struggle with foxes. It was bred in the 18th century, and, moreover, it possessed all the necessary qualities in order to effectively hunt these animals, which caused a lot of trouble to the inhabitants of the countryside.
We are talking here not only about the internal qualities, but also about the external structure of the body – a rather narrow body allows the dog to squeeze into holes, thick skin and hard hair protects well from fox bites, and legs, slightly longer than proportional (in relation to the body), allow pets follow the horse.
In addition, they are hardy dogs that can hunt with their master all day long. At least this was the case in those days, although modern Border Terriers have all the same qualities, although, perhaps, to a somewhat lesser extent. Indeed, in the modern world, foxes no longer cause such trouble, and the breed itself has long been a companion rather than a hunter.
One of the earliest evidence is a 1754 painting by Arthur Wentworth of two frontier terriers. In England, in some areas, these dogs were highly valued, however, outside the country they did not know about them. However, it cannot be said that the breed was widely known in its homeland. But the Border Terrier participated in agricultural shows in Northumberland in the late 19th century, although generally dog breeders hardly noticed him until the early 20th century.
In 1920 he was recognized by the English Kennel Club, then the breed club was created. Despite the fact that more than 250 years have passed since the creation of the breed, in fact, these dogs are still little known and not very popular in the world. Most of all they are known in England and America, less in Europe, and in the CIS they are mostly little known. However, this is a kind of protection for the purity of the breed. The first Border Terrier to be registered in the United States was a male named Netherbyers Ricky in 1930.
The Border Terrier is a small dog with a sturdy build and tough coat. The chest is voluminous, the limbs are proportional, the muzzle has a small “mustache”, the ears are triangular, drooping. The tail is of medium length. The color can be: red, wheat, “pepper and salt”, reddish blue.
Border Terrier is, first of all, a very kind and affectionate dog. Yes, you heard right, despite the fact that he is a born hunter who knows no mercy for his prey, he is unusually kind with his people, and is always ready to help the owner. Moreover, no matter what – even if you are just in a bad mood, the dog will try to be there too, just to make you feel supported.
But, first of all, it is a dog with an active and cheerful temperament, which loves funny antics, loves to explore the world around. She is interested in everything – smells under the bushes, small animals, other dogs and people, sounds and new places. If you live in the private sector, your pet will probably try to escape repeatedly in order to fully immerse itself in the exploration of the world around it, because it is so exciting.
If you live in a city apartment, and just walk your dog in the park, you are also not immune from such a trick. Of course, this requires proper education and training in obedience. In addition, this is a terrier, which means he loves to dig the ground, especially since this terrier was specially designed in order to penetrate fox holes.
Residents of private houses can say goodbye to their pristine, perfect lawn, and the same perfect beds of tomatoes. On the other hand, you can fight this – for example, give the dog a separate place for digging holes, although success will not come immediately.
The Border Terrier is very friendly – and there are almost no exceptions here. He is friendly with other dogs, he is friendly with your friends and just strangers on the street, he is just kind-hearted by nature, the only thing that can tune him in a different way is to perform guard functions.
But, you must understand that the dog most likely will not violently attack a person who has entered the territory of your private house without asking. However, this is a very alert dog that has excellent hearing and always warns of the approach of strangers. For children, this is a wonderful friend and companion, he is very patient (although there are still boundaries), smart and loves to play very much.
By the way, the Border Terrier has a tendency to chew and gnaw everything around, starting with your shoes and ending with the legs of a wooden table, therefore, it is necessary to teach him to chew toys from an early age. Has a high level of energy, needs daily walks, exercises and high activity for at least half an hour, and preferably an hour. They get along well with cats if you start at an early age. In the private sector, they can catch rats and moles, and do it mercilessly.
These dogs are not suitable for everyone, because of their love for various activities, games and, in general, their cheerful character. That is, if you live in the same apartment with this breed, you will definitely not be bored. However, many people love peace, and the Border Terrier will not suit them. This character also requires an appropriate approach to training.
That is, you cannot make your workouts boring, long and monotonous. At the same time, it is necessary to be consistent and to work with the dog accurately on a schedule, while monitoring its reaction. Classes should be active and varied. These dogs are very smart, they can learn a lot of commands, in addition, they understand the signs well – when, for example, you are going to go outside, the dog knows about it only by a hint. Avoid being rude and aggressive, rewarding, and remembering goodies.
The Border Terrier breed needs to be brushed once a week, and you will also need to remove dead hairs. The dog’s eyes are cleaned of deposits daily or as needed. The dog is bathed at least once a week. The nails are trimmed 3 times a month.
The Border Terrier is a healthy breed, but some health problems can still occur:
- dysplasia of the hip joint – can be inherited, and arthritis can also develop as the dog ages.
- Heart defects of various types can affect Border Terriers, the most common of which is pulmonary artery stenosis, narrowing of the valve separating the right heart chamber from the lungs;
- violation of the bite;
- nervous attacks;
- dislocation of the patella;