This rare breed comes from Bosnia and Herzegovina and is the only breed from this country that has received worldwide recognition. And although in many other countries it has not received wide distribution and popularity, it is well known among avid hunters. She is appreciated for her special intelligence and hunting ability to work under any conditions and for any animal.
The Bosnian barrack as a breed developed in the middle of the 19th century. But the first written records of these dogs date back to 1905. It was then that a captain of the Austro-Hungarian army named Frans Laska wrote the book “Hunting in Bosnia and Herzegovina”. This book was the first to describe in detail the Bosnian barracks. It is said that these descriptions later formed the basis of the official modern breed standard.
Interesting history of the name of this breed. It is known that the word “barrack” comes from the word “marriage”, which used to be used to refer to wire-haired hounds in Europe. This is a very ancient breed, the ancestors of which can be considered the Celtic hounds. In the Balkans, they first appeared in the 3rd century BC. There are also suggestions that the blood of greyhounds flows in the veins of the barracks, which were brought to the Balkans by merchants from the Mediterranean. Do not exclude the possibility of kinship with molossians. The current name of the Bosnian coarse-haired hound, the breed received in 1973, although the International Cynological Federation of the breed was approved back in 1965 under the name “Illyrian hound”. But this was dictated by the then military conditions and conflicts that tore apart Bosnia and Herzegovina for a long period.
The Bosnian Coarse Hound is a robustly built dog with well-developed bones. They have a slightly elongated rectangular body, strong muscular legs, long and wide chest. These dogs are above average height – from 47 to 55 centimeters at the withers, weighing about 20-24 kilograms. But even with such parameters, the barracks perfectly manage to catch and hold game. All this is due to the very strong muscles and strong physique.
The head of the barracks is wide with an elongated muzzle, drooping ears, expressive eyes. Perhaps the most striking feature is the mustache, eyebrows and beard, which make the dog a little funny. Bosnian hounds have a wide and slightly lowered croup, a slightly tucked up belly. The tail is long, slightly curved in the form of a sickle.
The barracks have a very coarse, long, thick coat with a dense undercoat. She always looks a little disheveled. The color of the coat ranges from light wheaten to black and gray. Two-tone, tricolor red dogs with white markings are not uncommon.
The barrack always gives the impression of a serious thinking dog. They love their masters, they are strongly attached to the house. Throughout its history, this breed has been used exclusively for hunting, therefore it has striking features of a hound. They are wary of strangers, but with proper socialization, they do not show aggression. The barracks are sociable, so they get along well with other relatives if they are familiar with them from early childhood.
In terms of character, the standard Bosnian hound has a gentle, friendly and calm disposition. However, this is the dog that knows how and can stand up for itself, so that it will not give offense either itself or its owner. In addition, like any true hunter, they are brave, persistent, energetic.
Due to its long distribution only in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where barracks were used only by hunters, this breed received an exclusively hunting purpose. Due to their many specific qualities, these dogs are rarely used as an ordinary pet. However, due to their brave and stubborn nature, as well as good physical shape, they can be used for security purposes, as a watchman. The dog has a loud sonorous bark and excellent instinct, so it will immediately notify the owner of the slightest suspicion.
A dog like a Bosnian barrack does not require special care. At home, they are accustomed to living outside in harsh climatic conditions, which allows their coarse thick coat. However, such dogs require a lot of physical activity and it is best if it is just hunting training. If your dog will not hunt, and you will keep it in the house as a guard, be prepared for long walks.
With regard to hair care, it is advisable to brush it after each walk and comb thoroughly several times a week. You will need to scratch your dog a little more often during molting. The rest of the dog is unpretentious, gains muscle mass well, even on ordinary homemade food, is not demanding on the conditions of detention.
Barracks are intelligent and disciplined dogs, however rigor is required to train and train them. At puppyhood, dogs of this breed tend to be playful, so it is important to first establish a good relationship of trust and only then approach training. By the way, the barracks accept criticism well and always try to please the owner.
The Bosnian barrack, although not a very large dog, was bred specifically for hunting a large game. So, the original purpose of the breed is to hunt a wolf, wild boar, bear. At the same time, mostly Bosnian hounds work in a group or in pairs, which better reflects their qualities. They are very hardy and hardworking. It is important for hunters to know that the barrack always drives the prey, but without the owner’s command it will never touch it.