Boxer is a dog known all over the world. They are very popular both in America and in Europe and the CIS countries, and this breed originated from Germany. In fact, they are descendants of the large German Bullenbeisser hunting dogs and also have bulldog blood. The Bullenbeiser was used as a hunting dog with which they even went to the bear, as well as to the wild boar, deer, elk, in general – to the big game.
Over time, hunting for big game has decreased, but the number of farms, on the contrary, has increased. Accordingly, the ancestors of boxers moved from hunters to guards of estates, and also performed a lot of other functions, being in the role of universal dogs that could be entrusted with various jobs, up to dragging a small cart to the market with the owner.
The line of the boxer dog began from the moment when the Munich Bullenbeiser bitch took a walk with a dog of an unknown color, most likely – simply with a mongrel yard dog. It is believed that the litter that they had was the first boxers. More precisely, a male from this litter named Lechner is considered the progenitor of the breed. And it all happened at the end of the 19th century.
The first boxers, Lechner’s children, were registered as Bierboxer or Modern Bullenbeiser, but then his “daughter” was mated with a male bulldog, resulting in dogs that were first presented at the dog show in Munich (and later registered) as boxers.
The most famous were the male Floki, and the female (daughter of Floki’s sister) with the intricate name (it’s not even a nickname) Meta von der Passage. Original. But! It is to her that many modern pedigrees go back, as she gave birth to a lot of puppies with excellent performance. Boxers of those years were different from modern ones, it is a fact, in particular, they were more squat, but there are much more common features than differences. In America, the first individuals appeared in 1903, and won the favor of American dog breeders.
Boxers are also some of the first dog breeds used as police and military. Unfortunately, they were also used for dog fighting.
The physique is athletic, muscular, muscles are perfectly traced. The hind legs are longer than the front ones, the limbs are of medium length, the whole body is folded in proportion. The muzzle is short, slightly flattened, the ears are folded, if not cropped. The chest is voluminous, the abdominal cavity is clearly expressed. The color is red, brindle, white, brindle with white spots, and the coat is short.
A boxer dog has a very friendly and inquisitive nature. She is entirely focused on her family and master, is smart, docile, has a noble temperament, composure and great patience. This breed has a high level of energy, it is fidgets that need a variety of activities, including training, walks in nature, playing with other dogs and people.
And, at the same time, a boxer should not be outside for a long time, neither in winter when it is too cold, nor in summer when it is too hot. Here is such a contradictory creature. The thing is that in summer, because of the short muzzle, the dog’s body does not cool properly, and in winter, because of the short coat, accordingly, it does not keep warm. Therefore, if you have a long walk somewhere in the winter, it is better to dress the dog in a special overalls.
By the way, if you have a private house and your own yard, and you want the dog to be more outdoors, make sure that there is a thick shade, and do not be lazy to water the pet with a hose. On a hot day, he will be happy about it. But in winter he will need to be kept in the house, here without options.
Within his family, the Boxer is an incredibly affectionate, loyal and loving dog that is distinguished by obedience and responsiveness. He loves to play, fool around and in general often behaves very funny, catching the loving glances of the owners on himself – the dog, of course, likes this. He adapts well to various living conditions, and can live in a city apartment without problems if he gets enough of the walks and activities described above.
A boxer dog has a low level of aggression, and rarely gets into quarrels with other dogs, or, moreover, with other people. This is possible, since the pet will always protect its owners, but he will not rush to someone else’s dog for no reason without a reason – such cases are extremely rare. One of the legendary qualities of a boxer is his attitude towards children, and great patience in communicating with them. Even a small child who is not yet very good at behaving with a dog will not cause a negative reaction in this breed. If this happens, then this is an isolated case, an exception to the rule.
In relation to strangers, the dog is cautious, and at first glance it seems that it may not even notice a stranger, although, in fact, the dog is always on the alert. If this is a family friend, and he knows how to behave with a dog, she will answer him positively, but with restraint. After all, the Boxer breed is known for its vigilance – it is an excellent watchman, he has a heightened sense of hearing and is in attention even when, at first glance, he is peacefully sleeping. And if it is necessary to stop the intruder, the dog will not back down and will do everything possible.
The Boxer breed is known for taking a very long time to mature – full maturation occurs no earlier than three years. This is one of the reasons why the dog retains its playfulness for so long. Boxers participate in canine disciplines – obedience, agility and a three-stage competition that tests a dog’s ability to track, obey and defend.
The boxer dog breed needs early socialization, training and training. Animal training is necessary in order to provide the mind with the necessary food, since it is not only the body that needs stimulation. Usually, training goes without problems, since the dog is naturally endowed with good intelligence and obedience. Moreover, a boxer is always happy to do a useful job with the owner, which, moreover, can also be interesting.
The only thing that can be advised is to make the classes active, varied, and the breed has a very lively character and a lot of energy. The owner requires consistency, flexibility, ingenuity, patience and kindness. And also, of course, plenty of goodies in your pockets to reward the animal for the successful completion of the task.
The Boxer breed of dog has a short coat, but still sheds quite abundantly, as for a coat of such length. You need to brush your dog once a week, and bathe at least once a week. The nails are usually trimmed three times a month, the eyes are cleaned daily, and the ears are cleaned three times a week.
Boxer, a breed that has a tendency to various diseases, however, it is not a fact that you will meet at least a third of them in your pet. Among them:
- cancer. Boxers are especially prone to developing mast cell tumors, lymphoma and brain tumors. White boxers and boxers with excessive white markings can tan in the sun and even develop skin cancer. If your boxer is light in color, apply sunscreen to ears, nose and coat when they go outside on a hot, sunny day;
- aortic stenosis / subaortic stenosis (AS / SAS). It is one of the most common heart defects in boxers;
- boxing cardiomyopathy (BCM). Also called boxing arrhythmic cardiomyopathy (BAC), familial ventricular arrhythmia (FVA), and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). BCM is a hereditary disease. A dog’s heart sometimes throbs (arrhythmias) due to a disturbance in electrical conductivity. This can cause weakness, collapse, or sudden death. Because this condition is difficult to detect, it can lead to unexpected death;
- dysplasia of the hip joint;
- corneal dystrophy;
- gastric torsion;
- deafness. White boxers are especially prone to deafness. About 20 percent of white boxers are deaf.