We all know about the undoubted benefits of milk and dairy products. However, does this immutable truth apply to our smaller brothers? What can you give to puppies and adult dogs? In fact, animals that eat natural food need dairy products, as they are sources of nutrients, including protein and calcium. But there are some nuances that require attention, and in order not to harm the pet, the characteristics of the product and the dog’s body should be taken into account.
Milk – is required by a growing body, saturates it with essential trace elements (including calcium), which are important for the formation of the musculoskeletal frame of puppies. But why shouldn’t it be given to adult pets?
The thing is that cow’s milk contains lactose (milk sugar), which requires the presence of a special enzyme in the intestine – lactase. In a puppy’s body, this enzyme is found in abundance, so babies perfectly assimilate this product. But with age, its amount decreases significantly and almost completely disappears. Moreover, the level of the enzyme begins to decline from 3-4 months.
Therefore, adult dogs cannot digest milk, which also often causes loose stools. Moreover, the drink can cause an allergic reaction.
Usually dogs, growing up, themselves stop drinking milk. But there are also exceptional cases when pets do not lose their love for milk. And what to do, not to give it to your pet at all? Experts recommend doing the following:
- If diarrhea is not observed after milk, you can continue to give it to the dog, diluted with water, but not daily. This will reduce the fat content of the product and possible subsequent troubles.
- You can replace cow’s milk with goat’s milk, which contains less lactose, so it is more hypoallergenic. Moreover, in its composition there are more useful components, in comparison with cow.
- Today, special lactose-free milk is available at the pet store. You can sometimes pamper your pet with such a delicacy.
- And the most severe option for lovers of milk is to completely refuse the pet.
Read also: how many times a day to feed the dog.
It is not only desirable to give this fermented milk product to your pet, but it is extremely necessary. It can be added to the diet of puppies, and after the abolition of regular milk and adult pets. This fermented milk drink is well absorbed and has a fruitful effect on the digestive processes. Minus one – not all four-legged favorites like its taste.
And one more feature – a fatty product can relax the dog’s intestines and cause diarrhea. Therefore, it is better to treat your pet to low-fat kefir or one that contains a minimum amount of fat.
This dairy product should be present in the puppies’ diet every day and can be used as a substitute for one feeding. It is also advised to give it to adult dogs, at least a couple of times a week. Cottage cheese is highly digestible and contributes to the normal functioning of the digestive tract.
For puppies, a special calcined curd is prepared using curd and a calcium preparation (calcium chloride, produced in a solution for droppers, ampoules for injection, or calcium lactate, which comes in powder form).
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It is successfully used as a pet reward during training. Cheese without aromatic, coloring and other food artificial components, as well as with a low level of fat can be used for daily workouts.
The main thing here is not to overdo it, the daily norm of the product for a small dog is 100 g, medium – 150 g, large – 200 g. It is not recommended to treat a pet with smoked cheese, as well as its exotic varieties with mold – “Brie”, “Camomber”, ” Roquefort “and others.
In addition, cheese can cause an allergic reaction or poor bowel movements. In this case, you should not give the dog this treat.
It is rich in calcium, protein, phosphorus, magnesium, and gut-friendly bacteria. For example, acidophilus is a bacterium related to microorganisms that inhabit the digestive organs of an animal. It is involved in the production of folic acid and niacin, which are components that contribute to normal digestion.
The use of yogurt allows you to reduce gas formation, normalize intestinal disorders, and helps to remove toxins from the body. Beneficial microorganisms that make up yoghurts, having penetrated into the digestive tract, populate its flora and affect the reproduction of beneficial microorganisms. To improve the dog’s digestion, you can give 2 scoops of the product with each feed.
But experts still recommend consulting a veterinarian before treating a pet with this fermented milk product.
Its fat content does not allow giving the product to the animal every day. If the dog’s body calmly perceives sour cream, then you can flavor it with a little cottage cheese.
Babies can include low-fat sour cream in their diet, but not as an independent dish, but as an additive to food. Several tsp. a week is enough. You can treat a pregnant bitch with it, since during this period a similar source of nutrients will not be superfluous for the dog. The bacteria contained in the product can also improve the functioning of the digestive system.
Dairy and fermented milk products are very useful for the dog’s body, but only when it comes to high-quality, natural products. And you should pay attention to their fat content. Fatty sour cream, yoghurts with additives, cream are not good food for a four-legged friend.