HD clinical picture (hip dysplasia)
Symptoms of ED (elbow dysplasia)

Cauda equina disease picture


The caude-equine syndrome is a collective term for a number of diseases of the transition from the lumbar vertebrae to the sacrum. These lead to damage (pressure, swelling, inflammation, contusion) to this nerve area in the spinal cord.

Disease origin and development

Degenerative changes occur at the transition from the last lumbar vertebra to the first cross vertebra. At this point, the spinal canal is particularly flat, as the spinal cord has already ended and only the long nerve roots run in the spinal canal. These have the task of supplying the muscles of the pelvis, tail and hind limbs. But this section is also exposed to constant stress, be it jumping or running. As a result, the vertebrae wear out faster at the transition and osteoarthritis can develop. The wear and tear is favored by being overweight and overworking.

Clinical picture – symptoms

Since the symptoms show up slowly, they are often overlooked by the owner. They are often confused with “normal” signs of age. The dog refuses to go upstairs, it becomes inefficient and no longer jumps. Later on, symptoms of paralysis and urinary incontinence can even occur due to progressive muscle wasting.


If paralysis has not yet occurred, the prognosis is to be classified as favorable. If the disease has reached a higher degree of severity, the therapy also takes considerably longer and in some cases the dogs no longer regain their full nerve function, but they are guaranteed a pain-free life in any case.

You might also be interested in

Osteoarthritis, Herniated Disc, Cauda equina, Elbow Dysplasia (ED), Hip Dysplasia (HD), Spondylosis

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