For several years now, Yorkies have occupied a leading position among the most popular decorative breeds, and for good reason. These dogs are little positive, affectionate, playful, active and loving. But, despite their compact size, the dogs are not sissy at all and can show “teeth” if the situation requires it. Yorkies are chosen as pets by a variety of people, but more often they are the favorites of the fair sex. What should future owners know in advance, and what is the character of the Yorkshire Terrier?
If you look into history …
Whatever one may say, and the “terrier” in the name of the breed suggests that its representatives belong to the class of “hunters”. In Latin, “terra” means “land” and terriers are called burrowing dogs. It’s hard to imagine, but Yorkies are seemingly gentle and graceful creatures, quite recently, in the middle of the 19th century, they acted as working dogs. Then they were exterminators of rodents, most often – rats.
At that time, the growth in popularity of these nimble terriers in the UK was facilitated by the fact that there was a law prohibiting ordinary people from having large and hunting dogs. And although the Yorkies were much larger than the modern representatives of the breed, they still did not fall under the ban, and many farmers used it.
The homeland of these dogs was the northern part of England, where the counties of Yorkshire and Lancashire are located. Yorkies were not only hunters, but also companions, so they often traveled with their owners – by land and sea, as a result of which the breed quickly spread not only throughout the country, but throughout the world.
Today, owners take small pets with them for various reasons – so as not to leave the baby at home alone, not to get bored on the road, because a luxurious dog in their arms is very fashionable, etc. But once carrying a terrier with them was of a consumer nature – most people did not have the opportunity to regularly take water procedures, and there was always a risk of acquiring blood-sucking insects – fleas.
In addition, the church also advocated for rare washing, inspiring believers that bathing is a shameful occupation. Against this background, small dogs were destined for a special role as bait for parasites. Do not think that only women needed flea-catching dogs, in fact, men also had such a need.
By the way, the yorkies on the handles of a person appeared for a very long time – since the Renaissance, so it is not surprising that the dogs immediately take harmonious poses and know how to position themselves on the owner’s bent arm.
Characteristic features of Yorkshire terriers
In order to better understand his four-legged friend and correctly assess his behavior and actions, the owner should get to know the main traits of the Yorkie better.
Little dog outside – lion inside
What can you expect from a dog that is smaller than a cat, but at least thinks of itself as a shepherd? Yorkies are quite pugnacious and can engage in combat with an enemy that is superior to them in size. The doggie will defend itself, the owner, its offspring, the territory. It is not surprising that many miniature terriers are injured and even killed in unequal fights.
To avoid this, it is advisable for the owner to take the pet out where there is no likelihood of meeting a potential enemy (owners of males need to be especially careful). A leash should be used.
Yorkies can be quite naughty
If the dog is constantly carried in his arms or in a carrier, he remains alone in the house for a long time, they play little with him and pay attention, then problems cannot be avoided. Without splashing out excess energy during active entertainment and walks, the pet begins to show in every possible way that he is bored – a torn pillow, torn wallpaper or gnawed shoes can be a signal.
It is useless to punish a pet, it is enough to satisfy its physical needs, and the problem will eliminate itself. The easiest way to solve the problem is if the Yorkie lives in a private house with a spacious, carefully fenced adjoining territory. The dog will gladly rush around the yard, wasting energy without assistance. But it should be borne in mind that digging and running away is a trifle for the terrier, you need to think about how to deepen and strengthen the foundation of the fence.
York is a real sly
Most decorative breeds are inherently infantile, but this is not the case with Yorkies. They are smart, cunning and are real strategists, it costs them nothing to turn the situation in such a way as to manipulate the owner.
And what an acting skill this charismatic dog has! He takes offense very skillfully, making an incredibly pitiful look and trembling paws. And if the owner does not immediately understand this, the dog will over and over again simulate a universal resentment, honing his skills as a “great combinator” and shirking his duties.
York, like its larger brothers, needs education, socialization and training. If the pupil ignores the commands, then he should be punished – not physically, but morally – a cold tone of voice will already tell the pet that the owner is unhappy. In addition, this dog needs human attention, and refusing it is a very effective punishment.
Dogs of this breed remember grievances for a long time and take revenge at a convenient opportunity, therefore it is not recommended to beat or shout at the Yorkie during training.
York is a professional fugitive
Again, this is an ill-bred dog whose owner did not pay enough attention to the training of his four-legged friend. The owner should never overlook the fact that Yorkshire Terriers are representatives of hunting dog species, and their working instincts are quite strong.
A favorite is always ready to rush after a running cat, bird or mouse, often getting into trouble. If the dog has not completed the full course of obedience and behavior in an urban environment, then letting him off the leash in crowded places is very, very dangerous.
York is a complete dog
A tiny terrier always remains a terrier, not a toy or fun, but an ordinary dog, albeit a small one. The doggie loves to be the center of attention, but he also needs personal space. You should not patronize a four-legged friend 24 hours a day and constantly be with him.
Often, dogs of this breed suffer from stress and neuroses through the fault of the owner, they become fearful or overly aggressive. This happens when a person constantly carries his pet with him – on a visit, shopping, to noisy events, thereby, not allowing him to be in silence, to relax.
In addition, many owners think that the best place for a pet to rest is in the master’s bed. But, in fact, like other dogs, a Yorkie needs his own sunbed, its area where unauthorized entry is prohibited.
York and baby
How does the relationship between the Yorkshire Terrier and children develop? As for babies, such a tandem is undesirable – nevertheless, these dogs require attention, and they will not like the fact that someone gets it much more. Of course, the dog does not pose any threat, but it can be very stressful. But if a similar situation has arisen, the owners should not forget about the four-legged friend when the baby appears. Games and petting should not be regular.
But with older children, Yorkies have an ideal relationship, of course, if the child does not offend his little friend – intentionally or accidentally. York will not tolerate neglect and may snap back – not viciously, without biting, warning, there is also a risk of injury. When the younger members of the family know how to handle a small dog, a real, strong friendship develops here.
York and other animals
All dogs are individual, but, despite the hunting instinct, small terriers get along well with other pets – dogs, cats, turtles, etc. It can be difficult for a Yorkie to live in the same territory with small rodents, those doggy evaluates as prey.
The Yorkshire Terrier, judging by the statistics, is the choice of many, and the breed has not lost its popularity for a long time. But the relationship between the Yorkie and the owner is not always perfect, and in almost all conflict situations, the culprit is a person who does not take seriously his miniature four-legged friend. Yes, the dog is small, but this does not stop him from being a dog – brave, energetic, and at times – daring.