Rhinitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane. This can be caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, allergens or foreign bodies.
The pathogen causes the mucous membrane to swell. Initially, a watery secretion is formed and later, due to the escape of leukocytes, a slimy-purulent secretion is formed. Breathing is made difficult by the swelling and the secretion.
The disease can be both acute (acute rhinitis) and chronic (rhinitis chronica). While the acute form is mostly triggered by viruses, allergens or foreign bodies, the majority of the chronic form results from the acute form. The main symptom is sneezing. The swelling of the mucous membranes makes breathing difficult on the one hand and impaired sensitivity to smells on the other. This in turn reduces appetite and leads to weight loss and dehydration. With the addition of a secondary infection with pus pathogens, the disease can also become slimy and purulent. When the upper airways are completely obstructed, mouth breathing begins and it is not uncommon for the dog to try to clear the airways by scratching. However, this can provoke bleeding.
In acute rhinitis, the prognosis is very favorable if the underlying disease is successfully cured. As soon as the rhinitis becomes chronic, the prognosis becomes doubtful to poor. If your dog starts to sneeze, you should see a veterinarian to stop the disease from getting worse.
Acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, laryngitis, upper airway obstruction, pneumonia, tracheitis