Dalmatian


History

It is probably difficult to imagine a person living in a civilized world who would not know a Dalmatian dog. The cartoon, and later the Walt Disney film 101 Dalmatians, made these animals famous everywhere. By the way, following the release of this touching story, the popularity of the breed skyrocketed. Which is not surprising.

The exact origin of the Dalmatian is unknown, but the first evidence refers to … the gypsies. Yes, you heard right – it was this wandering people who used dogs in performances and on hunting. Actually, the very name of the Dalmatian breed refers to a territory called Dalmatia, which corresponds to present-day Croatia. Apparently, dogs were very fond of in this area – they were used not only by the Gypsies, but also literally by everyone in the most diverse regions (although they got to Dalmatia, apparently, with the stray Gypsies). Dalmatians acted as shepherds, rat catchers, retrievers, circus dogs.

But, so to speak, the Dalmatian got its final and most important place in life in England, thanks to the professionalism of the breeders. They have developed dogs into a complete breed by developing certain standards and determining the most effective use. The Dalmatian cleared the way for the horses, ran next to the carriage, guarded the horses and the carriage during rest. Even today, the Dalmatian breed has a natural affinity for horses.

Accordingly, Dalmatians were also used as service dogs to escort ambulances and fire brigades, and in America it was even more popular than in England. It is the inner closeness to horses, and the lack of fear of them, that made Dalmatians the most used dogs for escorting various types of transport. In addition, they served as guard dogs in hospital ambulances and fire stations.


Description

The Dalmatian breed of dogs is lean, but strong and muscular animals with an aesthetic and proportional physique. The muzzle is elongated, the ears are folded. The limbs are slightly longer than the middle, the chest is pronounced, as is the abdominal cavity. The coat is short, soft, thick and shiny. The color is white with a black spot.


Personality

To say that the Dalmatian breed has a high energy level is to say nothing. This is a born fidget who is always happy to be the soul of the company and longs for new adventures. Dalmatians are ready to spend all their free time on the street, they will go with you to the ends of the world and this will be the best thing in life for them.

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If you do not have enough free time to provide the dog with long and active walks, do not get this breed. Since if an animal does not receive the required level of activity and physical activity, it becomes unhappy, sad, it loses its appetite and there is a tendency to gnaw everything that surrounds it. In this case, pieces of furniture in your apartment, shoes, door frames, etc.

Keep in mind that Dalmatians are as smart as they are active. They can be cunning and are stubborn. Therefore, everyone who starts this breed should be aware that he will need to carry out consistent educational work. The goal is to make it clear to the dog that you see through and through its tricks and, so to speak, “are not being fooled”, and secondly, to develop obedience, getting rid of stubbornness. And, at the same time, the Dalmatian is very fond of his masters and his family, these are for him the first living creatures in the universe, of course, if the owner is not an inadequate tyrant.

Therefore, a Dalmatian dog always tries to please its owners, and receives inner satisfaction from this. In the circle of his family, or family friends whom the dog knows and also loves, there is no living creature more affectionate, friendly and devoted. It is always interesting with these animals – they can entertain with their funny antics, and in general – they are very lively, giving the impression of intelligent creatures who understand everything that is happening around them.

They require early socialization, acquaintance with children, other animals, they need to get into various situations and make their character as flexible and open as possible. Then, you can be sure that the dog will behave perfectly with the child, although, by nature, they are endowed with a very kind character and love children. Strangers are perceived without aggression, either neutrally or positively.

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If a person shows a negative attitude, the dog looks at the owner’s reaction, although the Dalmatian does not like to come into conflict with the person. But, at the same time, he is good as a watchdog, as he has high alertness and can bark loudly and profusely. However, keep in mind – he loves people and is not strong enough to attack and pose a serious danger to an adult, large man.


Education

Dalmatian is an obedient and flexible breed in terms of character, and, in general, normally perceives the process of training and education. Especially if the owner finds the right approach to the animal, everything happens harmoniously and without problems. So which approach is right?

Firstly, the dog’s stubbornness must be fought not with aggression and shouts, but with consistency and patient repetition, in addition, make the exercises as active and varied as possible. Then they will like this breed, and the dog will be happy to wait for the next lesson.

Secondly, do not forget that Dalmatians are emotionally sensitive and do not accept harsh teaching methods. It can be said that such methods offend their best feelings. Therefore, an extremely positive approach and abundant reward for the correct execution of tasks and good behavior, including affection, praise, and, of course, tasty treats, are required. Dalmatians are believed to have a lifelong memory of abuse.


Care

The Dalmatian dog breed has a short coat, but sheds quite a lot. At normal times, the dog needs to be combed once a week, during molting 2 times. The animal is bathed at least once a week, the eyes are cleaned daily, the ears – 3 times a week. The nails are trimmed 3 times a month.

In addition, you always need to ensure that your pet has access to clean water and the ability to go to the toilet. This is due to the fact that the Dalmatian has a completely unique urinary system, and is not like other dogs in this respect. Your pet’s food should not be oversaturated with proteins, and in general, the diet should be selected responsibly. Long-term exposure to frost is not recommended, make sure that the dog has a jumpsuit for the winter.

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Common diseases

Dalmatian is a breed of dog that is prone to a number of diseases, including:

  • hereditary deafness is inherited as a polygenic trait, and all Dalmatian blood lines can transmit deafness to their offspring.

    Approximately 8% of Dalmatians are born completely deaf, while 22 to 24% hear in only one ear. All puppies are born with closed ears. The ears should open between 12 and 16 days of age.

    In Dalmatians, deafness is characterized by a constant deterioration, at the age of six weeks, of the organs of Corti, a group of nerve cells within the curl that detect sound. Homemade hearing tests, such as banging on the floor, banging pots, are unreliable because a deaf puppy can sense vibrations and is often perfectly adaptable. The only reliable scientific test is BAER (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response). It is available in most major specialized veterinary clinics. The test can be done from the age of five weeks.

  • Urolithiasis – Dalmatians have a unique urinary tract system that makes them susceptible to the formation of stones in the urinary tract (urolithiasis).

    Dalmatian urine contains uric acid instead of urea or allantoin. Stones are formed from uric acid salts. Large stones will settle in the urethra; small stones, also called gravel, can pass through the urine. If the urinary tract becomes completely blocked and the condition is not treated promptly, it will be fatal.

    You can ask your veterinarian to regularly check your dogs urine for urate crystals. There is a lot of research going on in this area, so new treatments are always being developed.

  • skin allergies;
  • dysplasia of the hip joint – in Dalmatians, it often arises from too much activity and oversight on the part of the owners, when the dog is injured, for example, on a slippery floor, but can be inherited;
  • Iris sphincter dysplasia is a hereditary eye disorder that can cause: sensitivity to bright light, poor night vision, partial or complete blindness, and cataracts.
  • dysplasia of the elbow joint;
  • hypothyroidism;
  • von Willebrand disease;
  • thrombopathy.

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