Disease picture infectious tracheobronchitis (kennel cough)

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Disease picture infectious tracheobronchitis (kennel cough)

definition

Kennel cough is an infectious disease of the dog’s airways caused by different types of virus. The disease occurs mainly with dog gatherings and in stressful situations.

Disease origin and development

The viruses responsible are called primary viruses because they damage the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and thus facilitate the colonization of bacteria (including Bordatella bronchiseptica). The pathogens are widely spread by coughing and ingested by inhalation. After colonization of the mucous membranes, the virus multiplies locally. That is enough to trigger the disease. Due to a bacterial secondary infection, the disease is more severe, but is mostly limited to the upper airways.

Clinical picture – symptoms

The incubation period varies between two and several days. At first, a dry, very loud cough spreads with an undisturbed general condition. The dog may also have a watery nasal discharge and tonsillitis. The disease can later worsen and lead to fever, purulent discharge from the nose and eyes, and pneumonia. The animals lose their appetite and their general well-being is clearly disturbed. The illness can last for many weeks.

forecast

With uncomplicated kennel cough, the prognosis is quite favorable. In the case of complications and existing pneumonia (pneumonia), the treatment often takes a very long time.

prophylaxis

With combination vaccines you can automatically protect your dog during the annual revaccination. If there is a lot of contact with strange dogs or if a stressful situation is imminent in the near future, this protection is often not sufficient. In such cases you should also protect your dog against Bordetella brochiseptica. A vaccine is also available for this. Since the entry point of the germ is the nasal mucous membrane, the vaccine is also trickled into the nose. In this way, immunity builds up there in a very short time.

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BabesiosisBorreliosisCanine parvovirusHepatitis contagiosa canisInfectious tracheobronchitisLeishmaniasis LeptospirosisPseudo angerDaupeRabies