The Doberman Pinscher breed of dogs appeared as a result of the experiments of a single person, who, in fact, was not even going to create such popular and famous dogs. He just wanted to have a loyal and reliable advocate, since he was a tax collector. And, concurrently – a dog breeding enthusiast.
It was in the city of Apold, Thuringia (region of Germany) in the 19th century, around 1870 – it was then that the founder of the breed began to experiment with crossing Rottweilers, German Pinschers and some terriers. The name of our enthusiast was Louis Doberman. There is no intrigue about the origin of the breed’s name – everything is obvious.
The Doberman was first shown at a dog show in 1876, and won a great favor among German dog lovers. In 1894, Louis Doberman died, and he took the secret of crossing with him – it is still not known exactly which breeds were used to obtain the early Dobermans (other than those listed above). Nevertheless, German breeders have succeeded in further breeding and improving the breed.
They were very concerned with the development of the useful qualities of the dog, and aimed to literally create the ideal dog for protection and protection. For this, they selected the most intelligent, evil, hardy and strong dogs, moreover, they were less interested in their appearance. At the beginning of the 20th century, the fame of Dobermans began to spread – most ordinary people considered these dogs dangerous and aggressive, and were even afraid to have them as a pet.
The situation was positively influenced by the work of Otto Geller – he made Dobermans more harmonious and suitable for family life. The Doberman Pinscher was recognized in Germany as a separate breed in 1900. In 1908, the first Doberman Pinscher was brought to America to participate in a dog show. There he immediately took the Best in Show award, after which the dog was presented at two more shows in the USA, where it also took first place in the Best in Show. According to legend, after the presentation of the award at the 3rd exhibition, the judge began to examine the teeth of the animal.
In 1921, the Doberman Pinscher Club in America was created, and in 1922 this club adopted the German breed standard. Despite the fact that during the First World War the population of these dogs was greatly reduced, especially in Germany, later thanks to the service in law enforcement and security structures, the popularity of the breed increased significantly. After World War II, almost all breeding programs were transferred to America, as Germany was going through the hardest post-war times.
It is believed that if it were not for the individuals brought to the United States, the breed would have simply become extinct. At first, the name Doberman Pinscher was widely used, however, in the middle of the 20th century, the word pinscher was removed from the name of the breed.
The Doberman dog breed has an athletic, muscular physique, lean but aesthetic. The legs are long, muscular, and the tail is usually docked. The neck is long, the head is narrow, elongated, the ears are also cropped – this is done in order to improve the dog’s hearing, because if the ears are not cropped, they hang down on the sides of the head, which negatively affects the hearing qualities.
Traditionally, it is believed that the Doberman is an aggressive and dangerous dog that should be adopted as a pet only after serious thought. Especially if you have a family. However, this is not quite true. The thing is that in the last few decades, a lot of dishonest breeders have appeared who do not monitor the quality of their population. In addition, there is widespread free interbreeding and improper upbringing.
However, if you buy a dog in a proven kennel, she has a good pedigree, you took responsibility for choosing a puppy and raise him correctly, it will be a great friend for the whole family. A Doberman dog within its family is distinguished by great friendliness, openness and trust in its owners.
They are strongly attached to loved ones and often, by default, see themselves in the role of the main protector of each of the family members. Moreover, even without special training. Dobermans are good students, they are obedient and usually not stubborn. Many underestimate the intelligence of these animals, but in vain – this is a really smart dog, especially if the owner understands this and contributes to the development of the intelligence of his pet.
This breed has a lot of energy, needs physical activity, training, walks. They love to play various games, including those that develop their mind. Playfulness and childish character traits persist up to 3-4 years. Other pets are generally accepted, but cats are best introduced to them from an early age. They treat children well. Need early socialization. Perfectly suited as a guard dog, they can perform guard functions.
The Doberman dog breed loves to learn and perceives the learning process as an obligatory part of their life. That is, they are, by default, configured to develop, become stronger and perform their functions as well as possible, pleasing the owner.
These dogs must be taught simple commands, in addition, you can train your dog in more complex commands, and even make it a professional guard. The Doberman Pinscher is just well suited for such purposes – breeders took care of this at the very early stages of the breed’s formation. So it’s in their blood.
You need to be a consistent and wise owner, you should not resort to excessive violence, especially if there are no objective reasons for this. The love of learning, on the one hand, is good, but on the other hand, Dobermans are demanding in this regard. You should try to make your activities varied. For example, you might focus on physical training one day and pay more attention to command execution the next day.
The Doberman has a short, smooth coat that needs to be brushed out once a week. The nails are trimmed every 10 days. The eyes are usually cleaned daily, the ears two to three times a week. Bathe the dog once or twice a week.
Like most dogs, this breed is prone to certain diseases, including hereditary ones. Namely:
- von Willebrand disease is a hereditary blood disorder;
- dysplasia of the hip joint is a hereditary disease;
- progressive retinal atrophy;
- Wobbler’s syndrome is a hereditary disease;
- albinism is a genetic condition;
- color mutant alopecia;
- narcolepsy, a neurological disorder;
- gastric dilated volvulus, also called bloating or “volvulus”.
1. Dobermans, named Bosco and Cesi, were the first to be recorded in German stud books as founding dogs, which were bred in 1893 and 1894.
2. Doberman Pinscher was an officially recognized breed in 1900.
3. Champion Rancho Dobe’s Storm, Doberman Pinscher, won a row at the “Best in Show” dog show at the Westminster Kennel Club in 1952 and 1953. He also won Best of Breed in 25 consecutive show competitions. He then produced over 300 puppies and joined the Hall of Fame at the St. Louis Dog Museum.
4. Doberman Pinscher Cappie saved 250 lives as a fighting dog in the US Marine Corps during World War II. Despite being fatally wounded by a grenade, Cappie warned his compatriots about the presence of a group of Japanese soldiers in Guam.
5. Dobermans are very intelligent and therefore have always been used by police and military forces around the world.
Did you know?
A statue called “Always Faithful” stands in the dog graveyard at the US Naval Base in Guam in honor of the Dobermans who gave their lives as sentries, envoys and scouts during World War II.