Dogue de Bordeaux (French mastiff)


The history of the emergence of the Dogue de Bordeaux is not very clear, and begins around the 14th century. Although this is only an approximate date, there are a lot of assumptions. From the name of this breed, it is already clear that it arose in the region of France – Bordeaux, as a result of crossing several other dog breeds.

Theories as to where exactly, how exactly and from what breeds of dogs the Dogue de Bordeaux was born, there is an unthinkable number. Starting from the period of ancient Rome, and ending with the Tibetan Mastiff. There is no point in retelling everything, but we will still mention some.

Let’s start with the Roman theory, which states that during the reign of Julius Caesar, in Rome there was a breed that surprisingly resembled the Dogue de Bordeaux. Based on this, it has been suggested that the Dogue de Bordeaux could have originated from these dogs. Other authoritative sources claim that his ancestor dates back to the early French principalities and was popular in Aquitaine.

In the period that can already be traced, namely from the middle of the 14th century, it is known for sure that three varieties of these dogs developed simultaneously. Namely: the Parisian, Bordeaux and Toulouse mastiffs – they were bred depending on the region of France and the requirements for physical data and character traits. That is, in those days, dogs could perform different functions.

In the early representatives of the breed, the coat could have a different color, however, modern breeders strictly ensure that the color of the coat was strictly of the same shade. In their opinion, this is an important criterion for the purity of the breed, which should be maintained no matter what.

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The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large, strong, muscular dog. The breed has a large build, but is relatively low at the withers. The limbs are shorter than average, the chest is wide, and the dog tends to build up muscle mass.

The tail is of medium length. The head is massive, the muzzle is slightly flattened, the ears hang down on the sides of the head. In the Middle Ages, it was customary to dock the ears, now this is not usually done. The color can take on all shades of reddish color, and there may also be a white spot on the chest.


The Dogue de Bordeaux breed of dogs is distinguished by a calm, meek disposition, however, if you do not pay proper attention to education, aggression towards other animals may appear. Especially for other dogs. In addition, aggression can manifest itself in relation to strangers, especially if they show any negative character traits in relation to the owner of the animal. Then expect trouble. Therefore, dog breeders always recommend early socialization and the maximum expansion of the circle of acquaintances, which should include not only people, but also cats and dogs.

Dogue de Bordeaux, in general, feels great within the family circle and literally blooms with loved ones. It is difficult for him to endure loneliness, and therefore, if you want the whole family to go somewhere, you must definitely take the dog with you. This breed has an average energy level, but needs daily walks in the fresh air, as well as training to maintain healthy joints and muscle mass.

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Also, keep in mind that the Dogue de Bordeaux can be prone to obesity, so walking and exercising is an additional way to avoid excess fat accumulation. These dogs perceive children normally, however, it is important to teach the child the correct handling of the animal. In addition, if the child is too small, it is better not to leave them alone, because even simply because of its size and weight, the dog can harm the baby by careless movement without any intention.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is smart enough, understands human speech normally, and, in principle, is distinguished by obedience. On the other hand, if the owner did not devote enough time to education and socialization, the dog can be wayward, sometimes disobeying commands and acting in his own way. In this case, it seems as if the dog considers himself the center of his own universe, and perceives everyone around him insofar as.


From about six months of age, you need to pay great attention to the formation of the correct character of your dog, socialization, and also begin the training process. Consistency, kindness, patience and a sense of humor are essential qualities of any owner, because without them it will be extremely difficult for you to behave in the correct way during the learning process. It is important not only to educate your dog, but also not to spoil its character.

The Dogue de Bordeaux breed of dog accepts the learning process well, but the owner must be confident, have a strong character and perseverance, however, not going too far and not using physical punishment where it is not required. Dogue de Bordeaux, a breed of dog that often takes part in various disciplines of “canine” sports.

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Dogue de Bordeaux is a smooth-haired breed, and therefore does not require special care for the coat, it needs to be combed once twice a week. You need to bathe the dog at least once a week, trim the nails three times a month. Always keep your pet’s ears and eyes clean.

Common diseases

The Dogue de Bordeaux dog breed is distinguished by good health and, as a rule, does not require a visit to the veterinarian. It is difficult to name the serious diseases that these animals may be susceptible to. Exceptions may be hip dysplasia and heart and eye problems.

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