The Drathaar is a German wire-haired pointer that appeared in Germany in the 19th century. The appearance of this breed is inextricably linked with another hunting dog – the Kurzhaar, or the German short-haired pointer, which is quite natural. Indeed, in Germany, these dogs have been bred since the 17th century, but the result, which satisfied the breeders completely and completely, appeared only after 250 years.
Moreover, both adherents of short hair and those who preferred long hair were satisfied. Breeders simply at some point split into two camps, each of which went its own way, and bred its own breed of breed. Breeders mixed Pointer, Foxhound, and Poodle to create a modern Drahthaar.
That is, in fact, the shorthaired pointer and the drathaar are two types of the same breed, and a rather thin line separates them. And this line is a dog’s hair length. After all, hunting instincts and skills, excellent scent, endurance and hunting flair are equally inherent in both breeds.
The wire-haired pointer was very popular not only in Germany, but also in other European countries, especially in Austria, Holland and Poland, at the beginning of the 20th century. However, like the shorthaired. But the First World War, and then the Second World War, dramatically reduced the population and the total number of dogs in Europe.
Since part of Germany after the war was under the leadership of the Soviet Union, many good, quality individuals were not available for the new breeding program. Therefore, in West Germany (FRG), breeders at first had to endure certain difficulties in the breeding program, because in order to restore the number and a normal population, they had to start almost from scratch. The breed was officially recognized in Germany in 1928.
The Drathaar is a large dog with an athletic, lean build. The limbs are long, muscular, the neck is also long, the muzzle is elongated, the ears are flat, hanging down on the sides of the head. The tail is of medium length, sometimes docked, usually if the owner intends to hunt.
When running, the head and neck are in line with the spine or lower, which is necessary in order to keep track. The coat is slightly curly, in fact not long, just much longer than that of a smooth-haired pointer. The dog is strong, enduring, can develop a high running speed, can also be on its feet for a long time.
The German Wirehaired Pointer has a very kind character, that is, kind even in comparison with other Pointers who are generally friendly. Drathaar is very attached to his master, moreover, if they live in a large family, they treat everyone equally, but still single out one master, to whom they obey. These dogs have excellent hunting instincts, because they were bred specifically for this purpose.
The main task in the process of hunting is to find a trail and track down the game, and when this is done, take a stance, indicating the owner’s location of the target. If it is a shot bird or small game, the drathaar pulls it out of hard-to-reach places and brings it to the owner. Moreover, they pull the birds out of the water, from the reeds, from the impassable thickets of the forest.
They swim great. They have a huge amount of internal energy, if you plan to have this pet while living in a city apartment, please note that he needs a long walk, although it is better not to do this. When a dog cannot realize its energy, its character deteriorates, it is sad, and even your absence may make a mess at home, although this breed is usually not prone to this. Is that in adolescence, up to 2 years. They are great with children, love to play with them and generally spend time.
These dogs need to develop obedience, as sometimes they can ignore the commands of the owner when they rush to study some smell in the park or just on the street. Therefore, you need to know when to release the dog from the leash.
The German Wirehaired Pointer is perfect as a home companion and friend for the whole family, but it is useless to use it for guard functions, because of the kind attitude towards people. Need early socialization, with cats and other pets, it is better to introduce them at an early age. Although, sometimes even this does not help to get rid of the persecution instinct.
Drathaar loves to study and needs it, since he has a developed intellect which, like the body, needs training. These dogs perfectly understand a person, but they have inner independence. The main thing is that the owner is consistent, knows what he is doing, does not lose patience and keeps a cool head. The dog should feel that the owner is superior to her, but if he loses his composure over trifles, this does not cause respect.
The German Wirehaired Pointer can be trained not only in simple commands, but also in complex ones. Be sure to pay close attention to the undo commands, introducing various distractions into the learning process – smells, sounds, other people.
In addition, you can increase the distance from which the command is issued. This way you can ensure that your dog will be able to stop on command, even when tempted. For hunting, usually the animal is given to a special trainer who can help to use natural instincts as efficiently as possible.
The Drathhaar breed practically does not need care – they need to be combed out once a week, and this will be enough. Be sure to keep your eyes clean, check your ears for insects and dirt after walking, especially if you walked in the park or in the forest. The dog is bathed once or twice a week, the claws are trimmed about once every 10 days.
The dog feels better with an active family and in an open space where he can move freely. Not recommended for an apartment, because she likes to be always busy and she will not be able to adapt to a sedentary life.
Drathaar are healthy and hardy dogs, although some problems still occur:
- dysplasia of the hip joint;
- von Willebrand disease is a hereditary blood disorder.