At best, the dog should be used to checking the ears as early as puppyhood. It is useful when the head of the animal is bedded on the lap. It is recommended to use a cloth wrapped around the index finger, with which the external auditory canal is carefully cleaned of dirt and ear wax. Especially for dogs with drooping ears, this should be done at least once a month, as air circulation is not guaranteed and dirt particles can easily collect and parasites can nestle.
Under no circumstances should cleaning be done with the use of cotton swabs. The risk of injury is too high and can lead to inflammation. One possible method is to use special cleaning solutions for dogs that are instilled into the ear canal. After a light massage and a short exposure time, the dirt particles loosen and are removed while the dog shakes his ears to get rid of the liquid.
Untreated ear infections can develop into otitis media and, in chronic cases, even cause severe balance disorders and permanent brain damage. For this reason, the dog’s ears should be checked regularly for their health. Redness or swelling of the ear canal and regular scratching or shaking of the head of the dog are the first signs of an ear infection caused by mite infestation. If the dog feels painful to touching the ear, it may mean that it is already an acute bacterial infection. If the inside of the ear is unusually moist and a dark or purulent, often foul-smelling discharge can be observed, this is an alarm sign of a serious illness that must be treated as soon as possible to prevent permanent damage. In such a case, you should refrain from attempting treatment yourself, as this can even worsen the condition. Only the veterinarian can make the correct diagnosis and initiate the appropriate therapy based on the findings.
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