This dog breed is often confused with German Shepherds. Although they are similar in appearance, they still have a number of differences. To the main breed, namely to German shepherds, the blood of the Central Asian, as well as huskies and melos was inoculated. As a result, the dogs turned out to be slightly larger than the Germans and with excellent service qualities. It is important to note that in our country many security and service agencies use this particular breed of dog, for which it received the title “Beauty and Pride of Russia”.
The East European Shepherd Dog is a Russian breed bred in the Soviet Union on the basis of the German Shepherd Dog with an influx of extra blood. However, the fate of this breed is far from easy. They began to create orientalists after the 1920s, when trophy dogs appeared. However, German Shepherds were not suitable for many qualities of our services, and most of all for their resistance to climate. We needed more frost-resistant, strong and large dogs. To the already existing German shepherd, popular in Europe, Soviet dog handlers instilled the blood of northern huskies in order to increase resistance to cold, Central Asian shepherd dogs to enlarge the breed, give it power, and Great Danes, in order to give the original version of nobility and a kind of aristocracy. The result is a beautiful, proud dog with high performance indicators.
After the end of the Great Patriotic War, this breed became almost synonymous with repression. These dogs have become real camp dogs. The first standard was approved in 1964. Then, in 1976, it was revised, but the event when the International Standard No. 161 was adopted for the German Shepherd in 1991, forever played a cruel joke with the Oriental breed. This breed was forgotten and literally “overboard”.
The Oriental is a large, athletic dog with a slightly stretched body. They have very well-developed bones, muscles, the dog always looks fit and stern. Height at the withers reaches 70 centimeters, weight – 60 kilograms. Males always look more massive and impressive bitches, they have a darker coat color and a more developed chest. Also, these dogs have a powerful back, very well-developed limbs, which allows them to make high or wide jumps. The chest is deep, firm, the croup is slightly sloping, but also very strong.
The coat of the East European Shepherd Dog is dense, thick with an abundant undercoat. The color is allowed black, black with tan, zone-red or zone-gray, black-and-white.
Since the breed was bred in the USSR, an important distinguishing condition for its creation was resistance to a harsh climate. The East European Shepherd Dog tolerates cold and heat well, can go without food and water for a long time, and, unlike the German Shepherd, does not require a lot of active training to maintain its physical shape.
By the type of temperament, the Oriental is a kind of sanguine. He is both cheerful and calm with a stable psyche. However, the character of the representatives of the breed is quite explosive, so the dog is able to quickly change its mood, if the situation requires it. It is also important to note that, by their nature, the Easterners are quite spiteful, have pronounced working qualities. Easterners are strongly attached to the owner, they love affection and respect for themselves, they require a strong and purposeful person nearby.
The Eastern Europeans are an excellent working dog for a very wide range of uses. We can say that this is a versatile breed. They show themselves best of all in the protection of both a private courtyard and an important strategic facility. These dogs serve in the police, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, at the border, often escort criminals, can be used as guide dogs and rescue dogs. But it is not worth starting such a breed as a pet, it requires special training and will never be a toy for your children.
The East European Shepherd Dog is unpretentious in care, but a private home would be an ideal option for keeping it. Moreover, in no case should it be put on a chain, otherwise you can get a dangerous and uncontrollable animal. If you are going to settle an orientalist in an apartment, do not forget about its original purpose. This breed requires quite active walks and regular training.
As for general care, the dog needs to be scratched daily, and after a walk, wipe with a damp cloth. Without proper care and hygiene, your pet will quickly smell.
The East European Shepherd is not just a very smart dog, but also smart and quick-witted. It can be taught to any teams and any service. From four to nine months, each dog must undergo a general course of obedience and training, but closer to a year, you can safely begin service training. But not earlier, as it is possible to disrupt the psyche of an animal. It is important to start learning on time, as East Europeans are big owners and very jealous. Without special socialization, they will aggressively perceive not only other dogs, but also people passing by their beloved owner.
The East European Shepherd Dogs took an active part in the Great Patriotic War. At the Victory Parade in 1945, a whole column of mine-detecting dogs rightfully marched along with the heroes. Officially, during the war, more than 60,000 Easterners took part in mine clearance. On their combat account there are more than 300 destroyed enemy tanks and over 200,000 dispatches. The dog Dzhulbars was especially famous, today he is a legendary dog in our history. He participated in the clearance of palaces over the Danube, castles in Prague and cathedrals in Vienna. At the end of the war, Dzhulbars was wounded, so he could not independently take part in the Victory parade. However, Joseph Stalin ordered to carry the hero-dog across Red Square on his tunic. Later, the dog was a huge success, starring in the famous film “Come to me, Mukhtar!”