The English Pointer is a very famous breed, not only at home, but also abroad. These dogs were widely used as early as the 17th century for hunting small and large game. In turn, they descended from the Spanish hunting dogs Perro de Punta Espanyol, or Spanish pointers, which have a very ancient history and are mentioned by Pliny in the 1st century AD.
Spanish pointers were trained by Christian monks, and after the arrival of the Muslim conquerors in the Iberian Peninsula, they were widely used for falconry. The dog found dead prey and stopped there, waiting for the owner. This principle of hunting, sometimes slightly modified (the dog carefully brings the game to the owner in the mouth) is still used today, although firearms have long been used instead of falcons.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the British brought these dogs everywhere to England, where they created the English Pointer on their basis. They set out to create a faster and more efficient dog than the Spanish ancestor, selecting only the fastest, hardiest dogs with the best sense of smell and hearing. The British managed to create their own unique dogs, which they are rightfully proud of.
In the middle of the 19th century, the pointer was brought to America, where the setter was used as a hunting dog at that time. Of course, he could not seriously compete with the English pointer, and the latter began to rapidly gain popularity among American hunters.
The Westminster Kennel Club emblem depicts a Pointer dog named Sensation – she had a huge impact on the development of the breed in the United States, being brought from England. Despite the fact that the dog is commonly called the English Pointer, in the official registries it is referred to simply as a Pointer.
The Pointer dog breed has a lean build and long limbs, which allows them to develop high speed while running and chasing prey. The ears are long, flat, hanging down the sides of the head. The seating position of the head and neck is such that they are in line with the body or below – this is also important when chasing and running. It is a smooth-haired breed that comes in a variety of colors.
Despite the fact that the dog is intended for hunting, they are not bloodthirsty or aggressive animals. They become wonderful companions and friend for the whole family, kind, balanced and devoted. They love to be in a family circle, have good intellect and understand their owners perfectly. These dogs never act on evil, preferring gentleness and obedience. Although, of course, in order for the personality of the animal to develop in the correct way, the corresponding correct education is also required.
An English Pointer can coexist harmoniously in a large family, being everyone’s favorite, and be a companion of a lonely owner, accompanying him always and everywhere. This dog feels well the emotional state of a person and always tries to support him, as much as a dog can do it at all. Despite the gentleness of character, these dogs have some internal stubbornness and a desire to act in their own way, which again requires education.
A pointer dog has a huge amount of internal energy that needs to be put somewhere, therefore long walks for the owner should become the norm. At the same time, your pet will happily sit next to you on the couch while watching your favorite TV series or news.
The English Pointer is ideal for hunting, not only for birds, but also for small or large game. Thanks to its tremendous speed and excellent sense of smell, combined with excellent endurance, the dog can track a bloody trail, for example, from a wounded boar. In the Middle Ages, they were trained, among other things, in order to drive a wild animal and bring it out to a hunter.
They are poorly suited for the protection of a private house, because they are contraindicated to be chained and they are too friendly in nature. Other animals are perceived normally, including cats, but troubles can arise with birds, because for their genetic memory this is prey.
The English Pointing Dog breed needs daily walks, even if they are playful. There are two options for the development of events: the first is the upbringing of a real hunter in the dog, the second is the upbringing of a kind and loyal family member with whom it is interesting to spend time with both adults and children.
The first option requires specialized training, which must be carried out by an experienced person. If you are not a hunter, you can work with the personality of the dog yourself. In any case, you need to avoid aggression, beatings, shouts, especially if you shout unfairly and unreasonably, because the animal perfectly understands such things.
If you go for a walk, ideally you want your pet to literally get tired of running – then he will feel happy. Also, you should definitely take time outside for active games and training, so that the dog sees and feels the attention of the owner.
Their short, sleek coat requires little or no maintenance. After walking or hunting, be sure to examine the animal for ticks, scratches and other unpleasant nuances, as the pointer loves to climb bushes, tear leaves, etc. You need to bathe the dog at least once a week or more often, trim the nails in time, clean the ears and eyes from deposits.
By and large, the English Pointer is a healthy breed, but it is not without some problems. Namely:
- dysplasia of the hip joint;
- cherry eye;
- Self-mutilation syndrome is an inherited sensory neuropathy with progressive disability of the distal limbs.