His elegance is a true feature of the English. These dogs are not only pleasant to look at, but also very interesting to communicate with them. They have a playful look and a sporty look. And it was precisely such a dog that Herbert Hoover had in the 30s of the last century. This is an English setter.
Opinions about the history of the origin of the English Setter breed are very contradictory. According to a number of testimonies, these dogs participated in the hunt of the Earl of Leicester as early as the 16th century. Some scientists attribute the Spanish origin to the setter, calling it the ancestor of the spaniel. However, the majority still agreed on the opinion that this breed has English roots, as, in fact, the origin itself. English hunters needed not only an excellent gun dog, but also a loyal companion. About 300 years ago, they decided to cross the Spanish Spaniel, Water Spaniel, and Springer Spaniel. The result is a dog with amazing grace. Many people think that the creator of the breed is Sir Edward Laverac, but this gentleman, who lived in the 19th century, did not create the breed, but only significantly improved its qualities. The dogs bred by Laverac were highly regarded among English hunters, as well as in Ireland and Scotland. It is this time that is considered a transition from the old history of the breed to the new one.
The graceful body of these dogs is created especially for hunting. That only is their strong neck, which is able to keep the head motionless for a long time. The growth of setters is average – in males 56-62 cm at the withers, in females 54-60 cm. Weight ranges from 20 to 30 kilograms. The modern standard of the English Setter is a dog that combines strength and grace without being too massive. The head is long and dry with a distinct, pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle. The lips are well defined, the ears are set low at the cheekbones, drooping and soft. The neck is thin, but strong, without dewlap. The body is elongated, the chest is open and wide. Legs strong and muscular, well developed thighs, large croup. The body structure of the English Setter emphasizes its excellent physical ability.
Fluffy coat is a distinctive feature of setters. And they also have a peculiar pattern, which can be orange, bluish, red, or even three different colors at once. But it is important to note that all puppies are born with white hair, and spots only appear over the years. On the lower edge of the abdomen, ears and the inner side of the paws, the wool forms a beautiful fringe.
The English Setter is a very friendly, cheerful and lively dog. Like many other hunting breeds, it is created for communication with people. You can’t leave a setter alone for a long time. The more the dog will be in the circle of people, the better for its character.
The Setter is an obedient and sociable dog with a highly developed hunting instinct. She is also smart, balanced, tolerant of other dogs and sociable with humans. Living in the house, she shows herself to be a devoted and loyal friend, loves to play with children.
The setter, despite its purpose for hunting, fits perfectly into the family. Due to its gentle nature, this breed will suit almost any family. But they can be timid around restless children. It is better to get such a dog if the child has already reached at least 5-6 years.
If you decide to get an English Setter, you should know that the dog can adapt to any conditions. They can be kept in a city apartment if given the opportunity to run on the street. By nature, they need good physical activity. Due to too much activity and mobility, the setter can suffer from arthrosis and joint diseases. Therefore, in addition to the necessary physical exercise, the pet must be provided with a balanced diet. Quality commercial hunting dog food will work best.
Long, fluffy coats should be brushed every two days. She tends to get confused. Also, wipe the dog’s ears with wet wipes every few days. You can additionally use antiseptics once a week. This will save you from possible deafness and other ear problems. Eyes also require regular flushing. It is enough to use a cotton swab moistened with cold water.
Everything related to hunting is given to setters with incredible ease, but they are stubborn in training. We need a person who can find an approach to the dog and raise it correctly. And although many people think that the setter is naughty due to its activity, this is not entirely true. He just has a stormy temperament that must be restrained. To educate him, you need to be patient, but in no case should you use force or rudeness. To educate hunting skills, it is better to use the advice of experts. The first training sessions begin in the very first months of life.
The way of movement of the setter deserves special attention. While many other dogs, including the Pointer, run like the gallop of a thoroughbred English horse, the Setter run is more like a feline. He runs simultaneously fast and smooth, very careful gallop. This quality allows him to successfully hunt in the forest, where his soft coat weakens the rustle of branches. This makes the dog virtually silent. In addition, the setter has a special stance in front of the game. He moves on bent legs, almost touches the ground with his chest, but holds his head high so as not to lose the smell. This maneuver is also very similar to the cat’s approach.