Basic rules of first aid
First aiders have to be selfish: Your own safety comes first! Because it doesn’t help the needy if his helper is injured too.
Even the dearest dog can react unpredictably and aggressively when it is in pain or is simply afraid. Therefore, avoid abrupt movements and approach the animal slowly and deliberately. Speak to the dog in a calm voice. For most animals, a blanket (jacket, sweater) carefully spread over them has a calming effect. If you are concerned that the dog might bite, use a cloth or piece of gauze bandage to tie its muzzle.
If a wound is bleeding profusely, it does not matter at first whether the cloth with which the emergency bandage is made is really clean – first of all, the bleeding must be stopped. Or: If an animal does not breathe, it is of secondary importance that it has also torn off a claw.
The priorities undoubtedly include emergency life-saving measures, for which the ABC rule from human medicine can easily be applied to the dog:
A = clear the airway.
B = ventilation
C = Circulation
The six most important rules in the event of a traffic accident involving a dog
Secure the scene of the accident
Make sure that the dog cannot run away – even severely injured animals suddenly run away in panic – by leashed him or a blanket (jacket, sweater) over him, for example.
When the animal is conscious and can breathe easily, tie its muzzle with a snout band for your safety
If the animal is not breathing or has lost consciousness, take immediate life-saving action
Contact a veterinarian nearby and announce your arrival
Make the dog transportable, seriously injured animals are best stored on a solid surface, small dogs e.g. in a cardboard box, basket or travel bag, large animals on a board or the removable hat shelf from the car. Secure the animal with belts, towels, excess gauze bandages and ropes.
- Blunt bandage scissors for cutting gauze bandages, gauze or plasters and for cutting away hair
- Claw pliers for shortening the claws
- Tweezers for pulling out e.g. thorns, insect spines etc.
- Flashlight – small and powerful – for examining ears, mouth and wounds
- Tick tweezers
- Syringes for adding drops or for rinsing, for example, the eyes or wounds with sterile liquid
- Medical thermometer and lubricant gel
- Cold packs or ice packs to cool fresh bruises
- 3-4 gauze bandages
- at least 1 elastic bandage
- sterile wound covering
- Gazette swab
- Adhesive plaster
- Cotton wool
- Paw shoes
- Medicines as prescribed by the veterinarian
- Eye drops (always use fresh, do not store opened bottles for longer than 6 weeks)
- Do not use ear cleaning solutions if an eardrum is suspected
- Wound disinfectants
- Sterile water or sterile Ringer’s or NaCl solution for rinsing eyes or wounds
- Flea and tick remedies, possibly deworming
- Diarrhea medication or anti-vomiting medication should be avoided if possible. Because both diarrhea and vomiting are protective reactions with the help of which the organism excretes toxins or pathogens.
First aid booklet
So that you know what to do in an emergency, even if you are on vacation, you will find a first aid brochure here to download and print out:
Download the first aid brochure now
The most important dog diseases and measures can be found here