Golden retriever


History

There is a misconception that the Labrador Retriever and the Golden Retriever have a relationship – but this is nothing more than a delusion. Sir Dudley Majorbanks, who later became known as Lord Tweedmouth, is, so to speak, the father of the Golden Retriever breed. It is said that the first dog named Nous, which he used as the basis for a breeding program, he acquired from a circus, and it was a Russian shepherd dog.

Sir Dudley kept records and was an avid dog breeder as well as an avid hunter, especially waterfowl, and strove to develop a breed that would ideally match his ideas of hunting dogs. Here is what he wrote: “The dog must have an excellent nose (in the sense, scent – author’s note), which would be more attentive to its hunting companion than the setters and spaniels used to raise the bird. The dog must be loyal and balanced. “

To achieve what he wanted, he crossed the already mentioned male named Noos, with a female water tweed spaniel (now these spaniels are extinct). The tweed spaniel was distinguished by an incredibly harmonious character and kindness towards household members, and was also an excellent hunter. The resulting puppies were then crossed with another variety of tweed spaniel, as well as with a ginger setter, with Sir Dudley keeping only ginger and golden ginger puppies for his breeding program, and distributing others to friends and family.

One of the most famous representatives of the breed was Don Gerwin, a direct descendant of one of the same Tweedmouth dogs – he won the International Gundog League in 1904. The Kennel Club of England officially recognized the Golden Retriever as an independent breed in 1911. They were then classified as “yellow or golden retrievers.” In 1920, the breed’s name was officially changed to Golden Retriever.

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Description

The Golden Retriever dog has a large build, medium-length limbs. The chest is voluminous, wide, protruding forward. The neck is massive, the muzzle is proportional, the ears hang down on the sides of the head. The tail is long, fluffy, the coat is long. The color can be golden, light red, dark red


Personality

The Golden Retriever is a wonderful companion and loyal friend of a person who is very attached to his owner and family. Despite the fact that a dog can live with one person, and be an assistant for people with disabilities, be a guide dog, nevertheless, this particular type of retriever is focused on family life. Moreover, the size of the family does not matter – small or large, it does not matter for the dog.

She will equally serve each of the family members, giving her affection and love to both adults and children. In relations with relatives, one might say, with this breed, conflict situations are, in principle, impossible, they are so kind and sweet. The Golden Retriever has a fairly high energy level and needs daily walks, exercise, and other activities. The dog loves to play, spend time with children – it is a wonderful nanny and a very patient companion for a child.

It will probably be difficult to find even one example of a golden retriever being aggressive or seriously injuring a child. On the other hand, you should understand that this is a big dog, and if the child is too small, then the pet can accidentally knock your baby over simply due to the weight of its body. For this reason, children under six years old are not recommended to stay alone with large dogs. Even if it’s the kindest dog in the world.

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The retriever should not remain idle for a long time, otherwise he will become bored. If you don’t have a serious business to keep your dog busy, then go for a walk and play with it. After all, this breed developed precisely as a working dog that helped in the hunt, and was also used for a long time and is still used in various law enforcement agencies.

They look for explosives, drugs, help people with disabilities, act as rescue dogs in search groups. A high level of intelligence, physical strength, kindness and courage allow these dogs to serve people in a wide variety of areas.

Strangers are perceived neutrally or positively, but they can act as a watchman, and in this case, the attitude towards a stranger who entered your area at night is unlikely to be positive. However, in this regard, a lot depends on the owners – some raise such positive and kind dogs that they have little idea of ​​how you can bite a person and cause him serious damage. It is better to introduce them to cats in childhood. With other dogs, they rarely go into conflict, except perhaps through the wire mesh of your fence, or to protect the owners.


Care

The Golden Retriever is a breed that has a fairly abundant coat and sheds 2 times a year. They must be combed out at least 2 times a week, and preferably 3, and bathed at least 1 time a week. The ears are cleaned 3 times a week, the eyes are cleaned daily. The nails are trimmed 3 times a month.


Common diseases

The Golden Retriever breed is prone to several diseases, including:

  • dysplasia of the hip joint;
  • elbow dysplasia;
  • cataract;
  • progressive retinal atrophy;
  • subvalvular aortic stenosis;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • allergy;
  • von Willebrand disease is a hereditary blood disorder;
  • enlargement of the stomach – volvulus, commonly called bloating or volvulus;
  • epilepsy;
  • hypothyroidism;
  • hemangiosarcoma is a very dangerous form of cancer, most often found in middle-aged and elderly retrievers;
  • osteosarcoma.

Interesting Facts
1. Golden Retrievers hold two Guinness World Records – one for the loudest barking (113.1 decibels), the second for the number of tennis balls held in the mouth by a dog (5 balls).
2. Oprah Winfrey, Jackie Chan, Adam Levin, Jimmy Fallon, Nick Jonas and Emma Stone will all add this wonderful breed of dog.
3. The Golden Retriever is the third most popular of the 194 dog breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
4. Golden Retrievers have been featured in commercials for brands such as Subaru and Budweiser.
5. The Golden Retriever is often used in field trials, hunting competitions and as guide dogs for the blind.
6. The Golden Retriever breed is one of the best therapy dogs in the world.
7. They are some of the smartest dogs in the world.

Did you know?
During the administration of President Ford, a golden retriever lived in the White House.

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