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HD clinical picture (hip dysplasia)

definition

Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in painful changes in the joint, so-called arthrosis.

Disease origin and development

Unlike in humans, hip dysplasia in dogs is not congenital – it develops as the dog grows. Nevertheless, it is a hereditary disease. Because the dog inherits the HD system from its parents. Whether this system leads to the dreaded deformity and how severe it is depends on the conditions under which the young dog grows up. Exercise in the first year of life and diet play an important role in this: Too much energy results in too rapid growth, and this promotes the development of HD.

Is it just the genes to blame?

In the meantime, the development of HD can no longer be attributed solely to bad genes (inherited). Rather, a careless owner can just as easily promote HD by incorrectly keeping the young dog (too much high-energy food, too much exercise such as jogging, cycling, long walks with puppies and young dogs under 12 months). Even dogs from HD-free breeding can get HD because the owners make such mistakes.

Clinical picture – symptoms

The symptoms of hip dysplasia can range from decreased activity, which is particularly noticeable in puppies, to severe pain, to passive movements of the hip joint. It is extremely important that all dogs with HD do not get too heavy. Because every gram too much means unnecessary stress on the joints.

forecast

Untreated HD can be associated with great pain and massive restriction of movement. But it doesn’t have to be: there are dogs that get along well into old age, even with high-grade HD. In very young dogs, surgery can under certain circumstances cure the condition. In spite of their now healthy hips, these dogs may not be used for breeding under any circumstances. Because the operation does not change anything in your negative genetic makeup.

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Osteoarthritis, Herniated Disc, Cauda equina, Elbow Dysplasia (ED), Hip Dysplasia (HD), Spondylosis