When a puppy moves in with its new family at around eight weeks of age, it can be compared to a toddler. Without any awareness of danger, thirsty for knowledge and clumsy, he paddles from one adventure to another. Sockets, houseplants, balls of wool, power cables – anything can pose a threat to him. So before the pooch arrives, do what is recommended to parents of toddlers. Get on all fours, crawl every square meter of apartment and keep an eye out for anything that could endanger the four-legged explorer. You will be amazed at how many sources of danger you will find! Despite this precaution, you should not leave puppies unattended for the first few weeks.
After a short period of getting used to it, you should go to the vet with your new family member. He will determine the state of health of the dog and will work out an individual schedule for the necessary vaccinations and deworming. Puppies that have been kept well are usually vaccinated against parvovirus (P), distemper (S), contagious liver inflammation (H) and leptospirosis (L) for the first time. If this is the case, you should be vaccinated against SHPL and also against rabies (T) in the tenth week. It is recommended to vaccinate against SHPLT six months later to be sure that the vaccination is effective.
Before vaccination, a puppy should be largely free of parasites. Because parasites, especially worms, can affect the effectiveness of the vaccination. It must be assumed that every puppy is at least infected with roundworms, because the larvae of this worm species are transmitted with the mother’s milk. Due to the life cycle of these parasites, deworming is not enough. Since the worms in their various stages of development also reside in different parts of the body and organs, only the parasites that are actually in the intestine can be reached by a worming agent. This means that puppies need to be dewormed at regular intervals to safely kill all generations of worms.
Many dogs are reluctant to be touched by the muzzle, ears or paws. Some animals even react aggressively and can only be examined under sedatives or with a muzzle. This means stress for the dog, owner and veterinarian. Right from the start, you should get your puppy used to touching any part of the body. He should learn that being touched by people is pleasant. Several times a day you should look into his ears, lift his lips, touch the gums, examine his paws, etc. Reward him for keeping still. It is advisable to get the puppy used to brushing their teeth in a loving and gentle but consistent manner – this saves them possibly painful dental problems and you veterinary costs.
Health & CareThe Dog in PubertyInfectious DiseasesVaccination Calendar