Making a four-legged friend in the form of a small cheerful lump, few people think that not so much time will pass, by human standards, and they will have to say goodbye to a family member. Not fair? Of course … It is not in our power to decide who, how long to live, but the owner of the dog can help his pet live as long as possible, if he takes proper care of him and gives him attention and love. So how many years do dogs live, and what determines their lifespan?
Calculating the dog’s age
If we translate the age of the dog by human parameters, then the following data is obtained:
- A puppy of 1 month old corresponds to a half-year-old baby.
- In a year it is already a 14-year-old teenager.
- At one and a half – an adult dog of 20 years old.
- At three years old – thirty years old.
- The seven-year-old dog is approaching the retirement age of 49 years.
- At 10 years old, the dog has an anniversary, comparable to the human date of 65.
- 13 years is already a very old age of an 80-year old man.
The period of rapid development of the dog occurs in the first two years of life. When comparing canine and human ages, it appears that a six-month-old puppy develops at the level of a five-year-old. A one-year-old doggie is already entering a “difficult, transitional” period. And a year later – this is already an adult, independent dog, which turned 24 years old.
All these age nuances are extremely important for proper training and education of a pet. The dog is fully developed by 3-5 years. This time is called maturity, and the animal manifests all its energy and intelligence.
Old age for a domestic dog will come by the age of nine. The dog becomes less active, it often pulls home, closer to a cozy bed, as a result of which walks are reduced in time. The commands that the pet previously diligently and eagerly performed, now also repeats, but with much less enthusiasm.
If the dog is 15 or so, then it can rightfully be included in the ranks of centenarians. This suggests that the master’s care was not in vain and allowed to increase the life of a beloved pet.
What Factors Affect Dog Longevity
As with humans, a number of specific factors affect the lifespan of dogs:
- physical development;
- whether the animal performs loads appropriate for its age and breed;
- good rest;
- enriched with nutrients, balanced diet;
- sufficient communication and attention.
All these quality indicators of life are 100% dependent on the owner. And from how he takes care of his dog, the animal’s resistance to stressful situations and various diseases is formed.
A balanced diet from birth lays the foundation for a pet’s physical health for the rest of its life and even old age. It is necessary to feed an elderly dog soft food so that there are no problems with teeth and swallowing.
In old age, animals can suffer from various ailments, most often it is hearing and vision impairment, disruptions in the activity of the urinary system.
Another problem that can significantly reduce the age of any animal, including a dog, is overweight. Its excess has a detrimental effect on the health of the pet, affecting the cardiovascular system and the bone frame. It is necessary to control the weight of the animal, especially in old age.
Regular medical examinations, vaccinations and timely contact to the veterinary clinic in case of any problems – this is what will keep the dog in the right shape. Taking constant care of your pet throughout its life can significantly increase its life cycle.
Life span of purebred dogs
According to veterinarians, there is a clear relationship between belonging to the breed and the years measured by the animal. It has been scientifically proven that the smaller the dog, the longer its life.
The viability of representatives of different breeds is different. In most cases, this is due to human selection activities. In pursuit of certain standards, in dogs some peculiarities are formed and fixed, most often unnatural.
Breeding is fraught with complications, which are expressed in hereditary diseases:
- Chihuahua. These cute little creatures are genetically prone to medial dislocations of the kneecaps, elbow joints, and various dysplasias.
- Dachshund. Natural hunters, with a funny long body on short legs, pay with health for such a body structure. Hereditary pathologies in dachshunds are diseases of the intervertebral discs.
- Shar Pei. Not only in this breed of dogs, but also in all pets with skin folds, entropion disease is often encountered, which is essentially an inversion of the eyelid.
- Rottweilers. Strong, brave, fearless and smart. But they are also susceptible to hereditary diseases – aortic stenosis, Rottweiler leukoencephalopathy, follicular lipidosis.
- Pikines. This ancient breed is distinguished by a special structure of the eyes, for which it suffers from a tendency to eversion of the eyelids, cataracts, and corneal ulcers.
And each breed has its own Achilles heel – dogs with flat muzzles have problems with the respiratory system, with skin without hair – they often get allergies, and large pets are often diagnosed with joint and bone diseases.
In addition, breeders admit different situations that affect the lifespan of dogs:
- closely related crosses;
- exclusion of the factor of natural selection;
- often the priority is the appearance of the offspring, and not health;
- the life expectancy of the progenitors of the offspring is not taken into account.
Based on the foregoing, we can conclude that dogs of breeds that are less prone to selection changes, of average size and without features of appearance live the longest. These include terriers, shepherd dogs, huskies.
The presence of long-livers in the family is of great importance. If the parents of the pet have lived to a ripe old age, then he also has every chance of a long life.
In terms of numbers, on average, our four-legged friends live for about 12 years. Here are some data on their life expectancy:
- Irish wolfhound, English mastiff, Newfoundland – from 6 to 7 years old;
- bullmastiff, Alaskan malamute – from 7 to 8 years old;
- Dobermans, Caucasian Shepherds, Rottweilers, Bassets, Alabai – from 9 to 11 years old;
- German shepherds, English spaniels, West Siberian huskies – from 10 to 14 years old;
- pit bulls, labrador retrievers – on average live up to 13 years;
- dachshunds, Yorkshire terriers, bigley, toy terriers – from 12 to 14 years old;
- boxers, airedale terriers – from 10 to 12 years old;
- Pugs, Pomeranian Spitz – from 13 to 15 years old;
- royal poodles, chihuahuas, collies – life lasts an average of 16 years;
- lapdogs, lhasa apso, shin-tzu, papillons – live up to 20 years.
However, decent care, prevention of illness and injury, will help your beloved dog live a very long and happy life.
How many years do pooch live
There is a widespread belief that dogs of the “noble” breed live longer than their non-pedigree counterparts. However, this is not the case. The main advantage of mestizo is natural selection, which is present in their life. In its process, various physiological pathologies are discarded. It’s all about the purpose of natural selection – healthy individuals of reproductive age. There is no place for the weak, the sick and the old in this system, this is how the species survives.
So, the average age of a mongrel ranges from 9 to 12 years, but cases have been recorded when mongrel dogs lived up to 20 years. This is primarily due to good care and nutrition.
But not every yard pet is honored with such an honor – to live in warmth and comfort. That’s why he is a courtyard. And this opens up a lot of opportunities for the animal to eat whatever is at the garbage dumps, to contact with various, often infectious relatives, to sleep on bare ground in the open air, losing health due to natural selection. Uncontrolled walking often leads to injuries to the animal, which is not always taken to the veterinary clinic. With this way of life, rarely does any mongrel live to deep gray hair.
Despite the statistics and calculations, nature never ceases to amaze, and the Guinness Book of Records confirms this. On its pages there is data on long-lived dogs that have more than doubled their age:
- The first pet-record holder was an Austrian shepherd, whose life expectancy was more than 29 years. Throughout its life, the dog guarded sheep flocks and was active until the last days.
- Today’s long-liver, Terrier Max, is approaching its 30th birthday. By the way, the dog never received any special care and ate regular food.
The length of a dog’s life is individual, but every dog owner can make it long enough, happy and colorful!