The homeland of the airedale kopo is Hungary, and outside of it, representatives of the breed are practically not found. The purpose of the airedale is specific – these dogs, like any hounds, are created for hunting game in harsh conditions. They require suburban maintenance and prolonged physical exertion. With proper training, the Hungarian Brack will not only be a hunter, but also an excellent companion for its owner.
In the 9th century, Pannoninian hunting dogs, which are considered the ancestors of the airedale kopo, were introduced to the mountainous regions of Hungary. They were used for their intended purpose in local forests, and under the conditions of the new climate, a breed was formed that was different from others, which practically did not change in subsequent years.
For his excellent hunting instincts, the Hungarian brat was very fond of the representatives of the aristocracy – he was preferred to other breeds in hunting big game. Over time, the breed gained popularity, and they began to use the bracca not only in mountain forests, but also on flat terrain. Under the influence of various conditions, two varieties of airedale kopo were formed – large and small. The large one was used to hunt wild boars and bears, and the small one was used to feed small foxes or hares.
Since 1711, Transylvania was forcibly annexed to the territory of the Hungarian state. Only after the end of the First World War in 1918 did it free itself from the Austro-Hungarian monarchy and became part of Romania. By 1947, the inhabitants of Transylvania had eradicated almost all dogs of the Airedale Kopo breed, so that they would not remind of the days of the occupation of their state by the Hungarians.
Breeders discovered several hounds in Hungary and Slovakia, and in 1968 began to restore the breed. Thanks to their efforts, today representatives of the large Hungarian marriage breed live in the territories of Hungary and Romania. Small hounds, unfortunately, have practically disappeared.
The RKF breed standard recognizes airedale kopo with a height of 55-65 centimeters at the withers, with a minimum weight of 25 kilograms.
The size of the Hungarian marriage is medium, the proportions of the body are harmonious and harmonious, the muscles are pronounced. The skeleton is normal, cannot be rough or too light. The correct proportion of height at withers to length is 10:11, and the ratio of the skull to the muzzle is 1: 1.
The head of the dog is long, but not narrowed, the skin fits tightly, without folds and wrinkles. The nose is black with wide nostrils, the lips are black and dry. Strong white teeth and a scissor bite to cope with prey. The eyes are slanted, dark brown with tight-fitting black eyelids. The ears are pendant, triangular in shape, set high.
The back of the airedale kopo is straight with a well-defined withers and a slightly sloping croup. The chest is wide and oval in cross section for easier breathing during long runs. The muscles are developed, the stomach is tucked up. The tail is strong, its length just below the hock. In a calm state, the tail is lowered with a smooth bend, and in arousal it is raised up, but not twisted.
The front legs are set wide apart and parallel to each other. The paw pads are strong, the toes are strong, the elbows are close to the sternum. The hind legs are large and muscular, and appear to be a little overworked. The hocks are low. The dog’s movements are long and even, with wide strides.
The coat adheres tightly to the skin throughout the Airedale’s body. The coat is short and coarse with a good undercoat, longer at the withers, tail and thighs. The color is black with brown or reddish markings in the region of the eyebrows and limbs. The standard allows the presence of white spots on the face, legs or collar, but not more than 1/5 of the total color. The tip of the tail can also be white.
Defects in appearance and behavior of a dog are:
• excessive aggression;
• distorted bite;
• too narrow or wide skull;
• deviations from the normal proportions of the muzzle;
• insufficiently heavy ears;
• tan markings of a bluish or dark brown hue;
• too hard or too soft coat.
Erdeli kopos are unpretentious, hardy and cruel enough to hunt big game. They are able to find and import game at the command of the owner. Erdels willingly learn new things, and if desired, the dog can be taught to look for game immediately after the shot.
Representatives of the breed are focused on one leader and obey his commands. In the house they feel calm, and with strangers – wary, if necessary, show protective qualities.
Transylvanian hounds are brave and determined dogs with excellent track sense and a talent for orienteering. They are energetic, mobile and require serious stresses on walks and rigidity in training. Do not impose their communication. With the right approach, the owner will become the only authority for the airedale kopo to which the dog will obey unquestioningly.
At home, dogs are quiet, but occasionally they can start a game with children they sincerely love. They get along well with other dogs, but are unlikely to be able to get along with a cat.
The purpose of the Hungarian reed is narrowly targeted – it is baiting and porting prey on the hunt. All qualities of the breed have been developed in this direction for years. Erdeli kopo is fearless and unpretentious, can hunt far from the owner. Able to work independently or as part of a pack. Voice informs the hunter about the location of the game. Taking a fresh trail, it begins to bark, slightly squealing. During the rut, it barks loudly and high.
The breed is intended for suburban keeping and does not require special care. Owners regularly brush their hair and trim their nails short. Occasionally airedale kopo bathe and wash. Representatives of the breed are not prone to diseases if they are provided with a sufficient level of activity.
Hungarian brak does not know fatigue and cowardice. He loves and is capable of learning, grasps commands on the fly. In training, although he is docile, he shows stubbornness – it requires persistence from the owner.
Transylvania in Hungarian sounds like “Erdelyi”. Hence another name for the airedale kopo – the Transylvanian hound.