The Hungarian vizsla comes from the ancient hunting dogs that the Magyars used to hunt, it is a kind of Hungarian Pointer. The ancestors of these pets lived on the territory of Hungary more than 1000 years ago, and the modern vizsla, of course, is somewhat different from its predecessors, but there are much more similarities than differences.
In fact, now it is difficult to say exactly how long ago these dogs appeared on the territory of Hungary, since today experts draw conclusions only on the basis of the available evidence. One of them is an engraving from the 10th century, where a smooth-haired, long-legged, thin dog is very similar to a vyzhlu, depicted with a gamekeeper. Another very noteworthy piece of evidence is a chapter in a handwritten book about falconry, which, together with a description, depicts a dog almost identical to the Hungarian Vizsla.
Hunters and dog breeders of those distant times developed the breed in every possible way in order to improve the main qualities, due to which by the end of the 18th, beginning of the 20th century, she developed an amazing scent. Dogs were very much appreciated by aristocrats, and each nobleman had a flock, or at least several individuals, which were constantly used in the hunt. In addition, these animals could develop tremendous speed, thanks to which during the First World War they were used to deliver reports.
However, when the war ended, the breed was on the verge of extinction, as the consequences for many European countries where these dogs were developed were dire. Only through the great efforts of dog breeders, the Hungarian Vizsla breed of dogs has survived to this day. Although, these dogs had to endure another significant blow to their population – the Second World War.
Around the beginning of the fifties of the 20th century, the Hungarian Vizsla began her journey to the United States and then to Great Britain. The first breed club in America was founded in 1954. It is worth noting that even in the fifties, the Hungarian vizsla had a slightly different appearance, in particular, they had longer muzzles, in addition, there were individuals with slightly elongated ears. The breed is not very popular in the world, but! Vizsla – the first and today the only dog in the world that was a five-time champion – in conformation, in the field, in obedience and dexterity.
The Hungarian Vizsla is a slim, athletic dog with a narrow head and long neck. The head is in proportion to the body, the skull is wide, slightly rounded. The ears are long, with rounded tips, drooping and V-shaped. The limbs are long, the chest is voluminous, the abdominal cavity is pronounced. The tail is medium, the coat is short. The color includes shades of reddish-golden.
The Hungarian Vizsla dog breed has a rather soft, docile character, and needs close contact with humans. That is, it is a certain characteristic feature that has been developed over centuries of interaction and hunting side by side with its owner. Accordingly, the dog cannot be alone for a long time, in addition, it is not recommended to leave them alone during the day.
So, if you are busy full-time, and there is no one to stay with the animal, it is better to get another breed of dog. This will not only negatively affect the state of mind of the dog, but also create more serious and, so to speak, tangible, difficulties for yourself – after all, the animal will become destructive, begin to gnaw furniture, throw things around, destroy your shoes and clothes, and generally behave extremely chaotic.
This behavior is directly related to a high level of energy, not only with affection for loved ones, because this is a hunting dog that needs a variety of activities. Active games, running, exercise and long walks – all this should be done daily, otherwise, the animal will worsen not only the emotional state, but also the state of health, since the body of such breeds is initially predisposed to high activity.
In the circle of his family, the dog usually shows great love and affection, always trying to participate in family affairs and in general to be closer to his people. The Hungarian Vizsla breed treats children well and kindly, not only because it sees them as a companion for various games and entertainment, but also simply because these dogs, in principle, feel a kind of predisposition towards children. Smart, understanding.
An ideal place for keeping such a pet is a private house with its own yard and a forest nearby, but due to its beautiful character, the vizsla can live in a city apartment without any problems, with the proper amount of activity and walks. It should be noted that if you do live in a private house, these dogs are excellent for guard functions, although they are friendly to people. But – not when they are responsible for the house and household.
With strangers, friends of your home, you most likely will never have problems, since your pet, after a very short period of acquaintance, will try to make friends with your guest. Conflicts with other dogs are rare, but cats, and in general any small animals will be of potential interest as prey. Accordingly, if you plan to have a cat as well, it is best to train your dog to be feline at a very early age.
Her excellent sense of smell and skills make the vizhlu a natural hunter. They are used as guide dogs, for drug detection, for search and rescue operations, and also often take part in hunting trials (including falconry), tracking, and flyball. For the harmonious development of character, socialization is necessary, otherwise the dog may grow up closed and timid. By the way, toys are definitely needed, as she really loves to gnaw and chew.
The Hungarian Vizsla dog, due to its open and gentle nature, rarely creates problems in training and accepts training well. Due to the high level of understanding and close contact with humans, the dog learns well, quickly learns the material and remembers commands well.
They can be taught not only basic, but also complex commands, in addition, the breed has innate, purely hunting skills, which many owners diligently develop. You need to remember that the Hungarian vizsla, due to her gentle nature and love for people, categorically does not accept cruel methods of treatment, rudeness, beatings and the like. Such things should be excluded from the learning process.
The Hungarian Vizsla is a smooth-haired dog, and therefore it is necessary to comb it once a week and this is enough. The animal is bathed at least once a week, claws are trimmed three times a month, eyes are cleaned daily, ears – 2-3 times a week. Please note that the breed is very sensitive to cold, and therefore in winter it is imperative to warm up when going outside.
The Hungarian Vizsla dog breed is prone to certain diseases, like other breeds. Among the diseases:
- dysplasia of the hip joint – a hereditary disease that can also be acquired in breeds with high activity;
- progressive retinal atrophy.