The Japanese Terrier breed is very rare and is on the verge of extinction. A small number of individuals can be found in Japan. This dog belongs to small and pocket breeds.
The origin of this breed is Japan, and the time is the 18th century. Fox Terriers, which were brought to Japan, were involved in the breeding of this breed, as well as local dog breeds with miniature Italian greyhounds. They began to breed this breed in 1900, by 1930 they improved the indicators, and in 1932 they approved the proper standard. In the press, this breed was described in 1938, and in 1964 it was officially registered with the International Cynological Federation.
The body of the Japanese Terrier is beautifully folded, the back is shortened, the loin and croup are strong, the chest is not wide, the belly is tucked up, the ribs are clearly visible, the slightly elongated powerful neck is decorated with a small head. The muzzle musculature is well developed. The head is proportionate, slightly pointed, the frontal bone is flat, moderate. The outer side of the nose is flat. The nose is small, black in color. The lips can be brown, black or yellow in color, thin, firm, tightly fitting the jaw, and hiding the teeth. There should be 42 teeth with a scissor bite. The eyes are oval, proportional, and the iris is brown or chocolate brown. The ears of this breed are triangular in shape with rounded ends. They are located high, have a soft cartilaginous bend inward. The thighs are long. Paws are lean, straight with good, well-developed muscles. The nails are firm, always black, and the pads are firm. The fingers are tight. The tail is of medium thickness, short, docked at the 3rd vertebra, raised up. The coat of the terrier is pleasant to the touch, dense, thick, smooth and short. The Japanese Terrier has no undercoat. The average weight of a lady is 3.5 kg, her height is 26-30 cm, males are 4.5 kg and up to 33 cm tall. Life expectancy up to 12 years.
The body structure is very greyhound breed. In movement, he is light and fast.
This breed of dog is very cheerful, playful. He is attentive to the behavior of the owners. Shows vigilance to everything that surrounds him. Devotees. Good companions for people of all ages. Room.
The Japanese Terrier is always positive. He loves to be the center of attention. Temperamental, friendly towards other dogs on a walk. Do not mind running around with other animals. If there are conflicts between them, the terrier will remain neutral until the last. This breed is very well suited for people who lead an active lifestyle. Many are on the move and moving in the fresh air. Here the terrier is indispensable as a companion. He does not like to be separated from the owners for a long time, to be alone. Very sensitive to the slightest extraneous noise. In the apartment, barking notifies any movement outside the door. Can protect against attack on the street. Understands where the real and where the imaginary danger. It is not advisable to have rodents (hamsters, rats) in the house where the Japanese terrier lives. Dogs may wake up the hunting instinct or he may see enemies in them. The consequences can be from wounds to their complete destruction. Good friends with children.
The main purpose of the breed being bred is to be a friendly, domesticated pet. For this, very much attention was paid, they instilled cleanliness. They strove to keep the hairline small. This breed should be a companion on walks and reading by the fireplace. But the blood of ancestors makes itself felt by hunting leashes, especially in the fresh air, birds, rustle, cats.
Caring for this dog breed is not difficult. The fur should be cleaned with a soft rubber brush. It is desirable to comb out once every 7 days. If there is dirt on the fur, remove it with a soft cloth. Bathing should be infrequent, because dogs have a tendency to hypothermia quickly. When bathing, use a shampoo for short hair only, to avoid skin irritation. The fur change takes 20 days. It is necessary to pay attention to the teeth during their change from 4 to 7 months. At this time, the terrier can gnaw anything that falls under his teeth. To avoid damage to things and property, it is recommended to purchase rubber toys for teeth. The pet also needs them for general games. The terrier can play with them for a very long time. If the pet is 5.5 – 6 years old, you need to examine the teeth for tartar. Every day, an examination of the ears and eyes should be carried out, if necessary, they should be wiped immediately. Claws need to be cut once every 14 days. For walks, you should have a changeable seasonal wardrobe. Walking the dog is obligatory every day. A terrier should be fed nutritious balanced, easily digestible food. Proteins in food should be more than half. Raw vegetables and fruits, vitamins must be in the diet. Food must be free from dyes and food additives. Everything is natural.
Since the Japanese Terrier is a very rare breed, there is no special information for its training. There are recordings made by the owners and kennel clubs, according to the advice of their training. This will take a lot of patience. If the owner does not have this trait, it is better to invite the teacher and teach lessons with him. The Japanese Terrier does not tolerate moral pressure. Shouting during classes and a raised tone is not allowed. Understands the tone of the owner’s conversation well. Dogs of this breed are intelligent, very easily amenable to standard and individual commands. Indoor learning is more productive. There are many distractions outside. It is advisable to include classes unobtrusively during active games. Be sure to praise your pet for the completed (even the most insignificant) command. Patience and affection will help overcome obstacles in your learning.
This breed does not have a specific doggy smell. She is also called Nihon Terrier. It is not recommended to take this dog to a family where there are small, crawling children.