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Labrador retriever

Labrador retriever

Photo of a Labrador retriever | Dreamstime.com

basic information

Breed name: Labrador retriever
Country of origin: Canada
The time of the birth of the breed: 19th century
A type: retrievers, spaniels and water dogs
Weight: 26 – 40 kg
Height (height at the withers): 55 – 57 cm
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years old
ICF classification: International Cynological Federation.
Group 8, Section 1, Number 122
Puppies price: $ 200 – $ 1250
Most popular nicknames: list of nicknames for labrador

Assessment of breed characteristics

Adaptability A definition that denotes how easily a dog can adapt to changes in life.
Grade 5
Shedding level The level and frequency of hair loss in the animal.
Grade 3
Tenderness level The level and amount of tenderness and affection that the dog gives in return for attention to itself.
Grade 2
Need for exercise The dog’s daily activity level.
Grade 5
Social need The required number of contacts of the dog with other animals, as well as people.
Grade 5
Apartment ratio A factor that determines the level of noise and other inconveniences that a dog can deliver to its owners in relation to the size of the apartment to the size of the dog.
Grade 5
Grooming The number of bathing, brushing, and the number of professional grooming sessions required for the dog.
Grade 1
Friendliness in an unfamiliar environment Features of the behavior of a dog in a society with strangers or in an unfamiliar environment.
Grade 5
Tendency to bark Tendency to bark and its frequency and volume.
Grade 3
Health issues Potential health status of the dog.
Grade 4
Territoriality A dog’s tendency to protect his home, yard, or even the owner’s car.
Grade 3
Friendliness to cats A tendency towards tolerance for cats and a decreased manifestation of hunting instincts.
Grade 4
Intelligence The ability of the dog to think and solve emerging difficulties (not to be confused with learning!).
Grade 5
Education and training The level of difficulty in training a dog to perform certain actions.
Grade 5
Friendliness to children A factor that determines how friendly a dog is to children, whether he likes to play with them and tolerate some childish pranks.
Grade 5
Game activity The concept is determined by its very name, and, as a rule, is found in almost all dogs.
Grade 5
Observation The ability of a dog to detect the presence of a stranger on its territory.
Grade 3
Friendliness to other dogs The tendency of a dog to find a common language with its other relatives.
Grade 5

Brief description of the breed

The Labrador Retriever is bred as a working dog with a friendly disposition. Initially, these animals were indispensable helpers for fishermen. They helped haul fishing gear, retrieve fish from the cold waters of the North Atlantic.

Labrador today is an affectionate, good-natured dog, a reliable helper and friend. These pets are the first helpers for people with disabilities. They are actively involved in various search and rescue operations.

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The Labrador is a sporting dog. The animal has a good character. The pet does not require excessive care. He is energetic and very attached to the person. The Labrador Retriever is distinguished by its dedication to the family. Many owners of these dogs compare them to real guardian angels.

The breed originated on the island of Newfoundland, located on the northeastern coast of Canada. At first the breed was called “St. John’s dog”. Labradors assisted local fishermen in their fishing, both at sea and on land.

Modern Labradors are no longer amenable to human exploitation. Now these pets are real family pets, surrounded by love and warmth. Although, in fairness, we note that Labradors are still happy to help their owner – a fisherman.

The Labrador’s gentle disposition made him an excellent therapist dog. Animals provide psychotherapeutic assistance in orphanages, nursing homes, shelters. But the sharp mind made of the Labrador an excellent guide and a real professional in search and rescue of people. The retriever is also popular among hunters. All thanks to the keen sense of smell, fearless character and athletic constitution of the animal.

According to dog breeders, the Labrador retriever should not be used as a guard dog. They will not cope with this task because of their friendly mood towards a person. But as a companion dog, the retriever is simply incomparable.

Labrador photo:

Black labrador retriever Five Labrador puppies Seven labrador puppies

Labrador lying on the grass Labrador family Black, chocolate (brown) and yellow labrador

Photo 7 Photo 8 Photo 9

Photo of dogs of Labrador Retriever breed | Dreamstime.com

Origin story

Although the exact history of the Labrador’s origin is unknown, many believe that the animal originated from the crossing of St. John’s dog with local dogs. The amazing abilities of the Labrador did not go unnoticed. Therefore, later the Labrador Retriever appeared in England in the service of members of the royal family. The definition of the breed as a Labrador appeared in 1830. This name was a merit of the English Earl of Malmesberry.

It is surprising that the Labrador Retriever is now one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. But back in the 1880s, these dogs were practically exterminated on the American continent. The breed also disappeared in Newfoundland itself. This was due to government tax restrictions. A family was allowed to keep no more than one dog, and the maintenance of a female dog was taxed.

However, the breed was preserved in England. In 1903, the Kennel Club recognized the Labrador Retriever as a separate breed. In 1903, the American Kennel Club followed the lead of the English Club and recognized the breed as well. In the early 20s, mid 30s of the last century, active breeding of the breed began in America. The popularity of the Labrador Retriever began after the Second World War. The breed reached its peak in popularity in 1991. It was then that the Labrador Retriever was recognized as the most popular breed in the United States.

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Labrador character

Labrador Retrievers are affectionate and loyal dogs. The animal ranks first among the breeds registered by the American Kennel Club. Labradors are full of energy and always welcome the owner and family members. This breed is an unrivaled example of a true “human friend”. Happiness overwhelms these dogs when they are with their family. They love to run, swim, play with children of any age. Dogs of this breed are an excellent choice for beginner dog breeders. The owners of these affectionate dogs unanimously claim the ease of care and maintenance of Labradors. This once again confirms that any beginner who is ready to pay attention to the dog can safely acquire a Labrador Retriever puppy.

Maintenance and care

Labradors shed heavily throughout the year. Regular brushing will prevent hair from spreading around the house and will help keep the coat in good condition. Labradors often have an unpleasant “doggy” smell. Therefore, these dogs will have to be bathed much more often than representatives of other breeds. Watch your ears constantly. Be careful not to show signs of inflammation or irritation. Treat your ears with a special solution prescribed by your veterinarian. Avoid using a cotton swab. Remember to brush your Labrador Retriever’s teeth weekly to prevent tartar and odor.

Training and education

Labradors are very easy to train. Representatives of this breed try to please their master in everything. Therefore, there should be no special problems during training. The main condition is to start training at an early age. Labradors love to play, if they think learning is fun, the result will not be long in coming. Labradors grow quite quickly, which is why training should be started as early as possible. Once you have mastered the basic commands, it is sometimes difficult to teach your dog more complex commands. The thing is that, despite the fact that physically Labradors grow quickly, in their hearts they remain puppies for a very long time. Like all children, puppies find it difficult to complete difficult tasks. Therefore, only by showing patience, you will achieve the result. So start training at an early age and continue until fully absorbed. Labrador retrievers are particularly successful in obedience assignments. But in agility, these dogs are not so successful, although they love physical activity and an active lifestyle.

Health and disease

The average lifespan of a Labrador retriever is about 10-13 years. Major Labrador Retriever health problems include: elbow dysplasia, allergies, dislocated patella, diabetes mellitus, melanoma, volvulus, glaucoma, cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, obesity, lymphoma, and ureteral problems.

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Some interesting facts

  • The Labrador Retriever originated on the island of Newfoundland, which is located northeast of the coast of Canada. In the 18th century, the dog was an indispensable assistant to the island’s fishermen. The animals worked all day long, helping the fishermen to fish and move heavy fishing tackle, and in the evenings the pets enjoyed spending time with their families.
  • The Labrador Retriever loves to eat tightly. Therefore, the animal is prone to obesity. Be sure to control the nutrition of your pet, give him more physical activity. Do not forget that a large appetite is detrimental to the animal. You should also watch out for the Labrador on the street, because he can eat food from garbage cans and food leftovers from other animals.
  • Labrador retrievers were bred specifically for hard physical work. Dogs are full of energy, so they need daily vigorous exercise. The duration of these sessions should be between 30 and 60 minutes. Without physical exertion, the dog will be forced to throw out unrealized energy on the surrounding objects.
  • The unrivaled reputation of Labradors leads some people to believe that these breeds are not worth training at all. This opinion is wrong! The process of training and socialization must begin from the first days of the puppy’s appearance in the house.
  • Labradors are very active. This is especially evident at an early age. In the process of growing up, the dog will become more and more calm, but the animal will never become passive. Labradors remain active throughout their lives.
  • The combination in a Labrador of an unlimited love for food and a sharp scent is a potential nuisance for the owner. Your pet, smelling the scent of delicacies, can rush to find it!
  • The popularity of the Labrador Retriever has provoked the emergence of careless dog breeders who seek to breed more puppies, while not worrying about their health. Therefore, do not resort to the services of random breeders. Buy puppies only from trusted dog breeders. This will protect you and your pet from the development of various diseases, possibly even genetic ones.
  • When deciding to purchase a Labrador Retriever, you need to know that some breeders focus on the physical training of the animal, others on the external athletic appearance, and still others try to achieve maximum success in developing the animal’s ingenuity. Therefore, do not be surprised that your dog may differ slightly from their fellows who are at the canine service, or, for example, from those who participate in well-known exhibitions.