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Leptospirosis disease

definition

Leptospirosis is a disease that leads to a total infection of the organism. The pathogens are so-called saprophytes, which love a moist environment. Pools and muddy puddles are the ideal habitat for these bacteria.

Disease origin and development

The leptospira penetrate the organism through the mucous membranes or the skin. All possible organs are attacked by the blood: the heart, pleura and especially the liver and kidneys.

Clinical picture – symptoms

The first symptoms appear after an incubation period of four to twelve days. These range from sudden, insatiable vomiting to fever and diarrhea. The subsequent symptoms are dehydration and jaundice, with the mucous membranes turning brown-yellow. The urine also takes on a yellowish-brown color. Breathing difficulties were not uncommon. In the mild form, the pathogen mainly attacks the kidneys and liver. There it nests and begins its work of destruction. One to three years after the infection, this chronic form leads to kidney failure.

forecast

In general, the prognosis is doubtful. The more acute (3-14 days) to peracute (48 hours) the disease, the less favorable the prognosis. In the chronic form, the destruction of the kidney can no longer be cured, but at least it can be stopped.

prophylaxis

You can vaccinate your dog against the bad pathogens (acute form). The primary vaccination should take place twice with an interval of 4 weeks. Then they are vaccinated against leptospirosis once a year. The immunization does not completely exclude an infection, however, since not all leptospira can be vaccinated.

BabesiosisBorreliosisCanine parvovirusHepatitis contagiosa canisInfectious tracheobronchitisLeishmaniasis LeptospirosisPseudo angerDaupeRabies

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