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Osteoarthritis disease

definition

Osteoarthritis is a chronic joint disease. In the course of this disease, more and more cartilage tissue is broken down and bony tissue is built up.

Disease origin and development

In the simplest case, a joint consists of two bones that can move against each other. The ends of the bones are covered with smooth joint cartilage, which forms a kind of sliding layer. In youth, the cartilages are filled with water and so elastic that they also serve as shock absorbers. With age, the cartilage loses its elasticity. He becomes flatter and more vulnerable. Osteoarthritis usually begins with changes in the articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis can also have causes other than age. Misalignments and the resulting incorrect loads can also lead to osteoarthritis, as can injuries or developmental disorders of joints (HD, ED)

Clinical picture – symptoms

The cartilage becomes rougher and there is frictional resistance when moving. This can lead to painful inflammation. The dog begins to hobble after playing or he always tries to take the strain off one leg on long walks. If you notice such behavior in your four-legged friend, you should not hesitate any longer and consult a veterinarian as soon as possible.

forecast

Once the joints have been arthritically altered, the vet can no longer “remake” them. He can only improve your well-being. This is why preventing osteoarthritis is so important.

prophylaxis

Prevention begins as early as the puppy age. Pay attention to the position and posture of the dog’s body during adolescence. Misalignments put stress on the joints and can lead to osteoarthritis in young dogs. Feeding is crucial for the development of healthy joints; it should not be too energetic. Because an excess of calories leads to rapid growth of muscle and fat tissue. The immature bones and joints cannot keep up with this increase and cannot support the excessive weight. Large breed puppies in particular should be fed sparingly. It is best to work with your veterinarian to create a nutrition plan for the rearing phase.

Read also:  Distemper disease

Difference between osteoarthritis and arthritis

Arthrosis refers to the wear and tear of the cartilage, arthritis means inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis can lead to arthritis, untreated arthritis (inflammation) causes even more osteoarthritis or wear and tear can cause inflammation, and untreated inflammation causes even more wear and tear. If your dog has an arthritic attack (lameness, pain) caused by osteoarthritis, pain therapy (medication, physiotherapy, acupuncture) should definitely be used.

Osteoarthritis, Herniated Disc, Cauda equina, Elbow Dysplasia (ED), Hip Dysplasia (HD), Spondylosis