Rabies is a rapidly progressing, viral and life-threatening encephalitis. Other names are Lyssa, Rabies or Hydrophobia, due to the fear of water that the sick develop.
The virus gets into the wound through a bite with the saliva. From there, the pathogen travels into the central nervous system to the spinal ganglia (nerves originating from the spinal cord). After replicating, the viruses migrate to the brain, where a renewed strong replication is observed.
It usually takes 14 to 60 days for the disease to break out after infection. The disease usually begins with a change in personality. The dog can become aggressive and snappy. He also shows an increased sex drive and starts barking for no reason. After a while, paralysis sets in. Larynx paralysis makes the voice appear hoarse to toneless. Since the lower jaw, the pharynx and the esophagus are also paralyzed, typical salivation occurs with foam in front of the mouth and the tongue hanging out.
The disease leads to death within a few days of the outbreak.
If the disease has broken out or if there is even a suspicion of infection, the animal must be put to sleep immediately. This is what the “Ordinance on Protection against Rabies” of April 11, 2001 prescribes. Unless the primary immunization was at least 3 weeks and at most 12 months ago and the last booster immunization was not more than 12 months ago.