Acute bleeding anemia is the reduction in the amount of blood in the bloodstream (hypovolemia) as a result of an acute loss of large amounts of blood.
If the dog only loses small amounts of blood, i.e. less than 10%, it can tolerate this without any signs of illness. On the other hand, greater blood loss affects the blood flow in the blood vessels: this is followed by an increase in the heart rate, the blood pressure amplitude widens, the blood pressure drops and finally a shock occurs.
Internal bruises, for example in the abdomen, are only noticeable in the case of heavy bleeding, due to the increase in circumference. External bleeding often appears larger than it is. In any case, the focus is on the symptoms of hypovolemic shock. The dog becomes restless and weak, it begins to tremble, the mucous membranes become pale and the pulse weak to completely imperceptible.
The prognosis depends on the amount of blood lost (more than 30% very unfavorable), the time at which therapy is started after the bleeding has occurred, additional diseases and, finally, whether it is internal or external bleeding.
Acute bleeding anemia, aplastic anemia, chronic bleeding anemia, leukocytopenia