The main thing is that the dog behaves and doesn’t break anything? That is certainly the wrong motto for responsible dog owners. Because when a dog is ready to call and follows the owner, it makes everyday life much easier and ensures more safety in traffic, when encounters with other dogs or when the dog encounters dangerous poisonous bait – to name just a few situations. In addition, joint training is a lot of fun and strengthens the bond between dog and owner. So there are many reasons to get started right away! With the eight most important basic commands, the dog can easily accompany you through everyday life and you can safely guide him through almost any dangerous situation.
The command “Sit!”, Like the command “Sit down!”, Should bring the dog to rest in numerous everyday situations. No matter whether you have to wait at a pedestrian crossing or want to leash your dog in front of the supermarket, with the command “Sit!” it turns out to be much easier.
This is how you train the command “Sit!”
First, choose an environment that is as distraction-free as possible and in which your dog feels comfortable. Take a treat and hold it lightly over the dog’s head. Stretch your index finger and slowly bring your hand upwards. In order not to lose sight of the treat, the dog will follow your hand with his gaze and must straighten his head. That automatically forces him to sit down. As the dog sits down, clearly say “sit”. If he shows the desired behavior, praise and reward him immediately. You can now gradually increase the distance between you and your dog. If he comes up to you instead of sitting down, start again and only reward him when he has done the exercise correctly. The length of time your dog has to sit can now also be varied. Always dissolve the “seat” with a release signal, for example an “Ok”, which you underline with a gesture of the hand. If the behavior is stable, you can use the command “Sit!” train now in an environment with more distraction, for example when going for a walk. Read more training tips for the command “Sit!”.
The command “Space!” Offers even more relaxation and time to act on the dog. Whether in a café, in the dog school or when driving on public transport – in many everyday situations it makes sense to put it down. You can easily lead your dog from the “seat” to the “seat”.
This is how you train the command “Down!”
Guide the dog into the seat. Then hold a treat in front of his nose and slowly guide him to the ground in front of his eyes with the flat of your hand. Most dogs lay themselves off by themselves. When the chest and bottom touch the ground, say clearly, “Sit down!”, Praise the dog and give it a reward as close to the ground as possible. This exercise will also be canceled with a dissolution signal of your choice. Only then is the dog allowed to get up again. Now train with a greater and greater distance until your dog associates the signal (flat hand that moves towards the floor) and the word “space” with the desired behavior of laying down, as with “sitting”. Later, you can increase the length of time you lie down and do it in an environment where the dog is exposed to more and more stimuli. Read more training tips for using the command “Sit down!”
If the dog is to stay in one place, the command “stay” is suitable. The command can be helpful in many everyday situations. For example, on walks, when joggers or cyclists are let by. Or with short waiting times in the café and supermarket. And also at home when the dog is supposed to stay on its blanket. The command “stay!” is usually used together with the commands “Sit!” and “space!” combined, which your dog should therefore be able to master.
This is how you train the command “Stay!”
For the initial attempts, it is best to train in a relatively distraction-free environment. In the first step, ask your dog to “sit” or “sit down” and then take a few steps backwards with the word signal “stay” and an upright flat hand (stop signal). If your dog breaks down, break up the exercise, for example by calling him to you (signal to break up). You go back to him and reward his behavior. But only if he persevered until the signal was released. In the next step, you can gradually extend the time span and also increase the distance. Do not give the command in a loop, just say the command once. Tip: Many dogs find it easier to wait when they have a clearly marked place such as a blanket, basket or towel that they can feel safe and secure. Read more training tips for using the “Stay!” Command.
The command “No” declares objects or certain behavior to be taboo. This makes the command no one of the most important commands in dog training and makes everyday life with the dog a lot easier. After all, there are a few things the dog is not allowed to do: steal food or gnaw at Frauchen’s favorite shoes, for example. In anti-poison bait training, the command “No!” even life. Therefore, practice the signal sustainably and do not use the command too often so that it does not lose its important signal effect.
This is how you train the command “No!”
Take a treat in your open hand. If your dog wants to pick it up, say “no” clearly and firmly and close your hand. Then open your hand again and repeat the process. Only when your dog no longer nudges his hand impatiently and seeks eye contact do you open your hand and allow him to take the treat with the word “take”. In the next step, place the treat on the floor and repeat the exercise.
Giving back prey is not easy for most dogs. But again and again things get in the mouth that don’t belong there (e.g. Frauchen’s favorite shoes) and can even be life-threatening (e.g. pointed or poisonous). It is also essential for retrieving that the dog returns objects.
This is how you train the command “Off!”
On the command “Aus!” start a swap, an alternative that your dog cannot refuse – preferably his favorite toy or treat. As he opens his mouth and drops the prey, calmly and firmly say “Out!” and give him the more interesting barter item. Then later it is enough to simply praise him.
A reliable recall is one of the most important signals your dog should master. It serves as protection for dogs, people and the environment and is also an entry ticket to the free range. The command “Here!” Four-legged friends learn very quickly, as they usually offer the behavior on their own. Puppies in particular have the natural tendency to chase after their two-legged friends or to visit them again in unfamiliar situations after curious tours of discovery.
This is how you train the command “Here!”
If the dog comes up to you, say “Here” and look forward like crazy as soon as he gets to you. A friendly “here” and an open posture should invite the dog to come to you in any situation. If your dog is with you, he will immediately receive a reward, for example treats, pats or his favorite toy. Every return should always be strengthened positively and made as worthwhile as possible so that the recall becomes permanent. The trick is to make yourself more interesting than your surroundings. Read more training tips for using the “Here!” Command.
With the command “At your feet!” ensure that your dog walks relaxed by your side with and without a leash. This command is important, for example, when you are walking along a busy street or a bike path. But even if there is a risk of inconvenience, you can give your dog the command “At his feet!” easily distracted from it. Because following the command costs the dog a lot of concentration.
This is how you train the command “At your feet!”
Take a treat in your left hand and start in the basic position: Your dog is on a leash on your left leg. Get going. In the best case, the dog will follow you with its snout on your hand and seek your eye contact here and there. You say “Foot!” If he walks casually next to you, he will be slipped one of the treats. If your dog pulls and barks impatiently, then stop and only move on when it has calmed down again. In the next step you vary the pace. In a further step you can also practice without a leash, but then initially on a fenced property. Since this exercise demands a lot of concentration from your dog – regardless of age – you should only train with him in short exercise blocks. Read more training tips for using the “At Foot!” Command.
In contrast to the command “At your feet!”, In which your dog should walk by your side, your dog is allowed to walk at the command “At me!” move one meter around them. He can circle around her, but not leave his orbit without your permission. So the dog has a certain freedom, but remains in your direct sphere of influence so that you can intervene at any time if the situation requires it.
This is how you train the command “With me!”
You can practice this command with your feet unleashed or with a towline. Take a few steps away: if your dog is more than three feet away from you, call him back with a clear, but at the same time friendly, “With me”. Initially, you can use treats as a lure. Verbal praise is sufficient later. After a few steps near you, the dog is allowed to go exploring again until you call him over and reward him again. In this way, the dog combines coming back with a positive experience. Does he make eye contact with you here and there? Wonderful, then you did everything right. If a dog fully concentrates on its human being, nothing stands in the way of relaxed walks.
As with any basic command, make sure you are clearly on one word (eg “Sit!”, “Sit down!”, “Off!”, “Stay!”, “Foot!”, “Here!”, “With me!”) , express yourself verbally clearly and underline the command with a clear hand movement that is only used for this specific command. Because if a command has many different meanings or is communicated inconsistently, your dog will not understand what behavior you want him to do. You should avoid such mistakes in dog training – then you will soon see success!