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These plants are poisonous to dogs

Dog poisoning can have many causes. One of them is poison bait, against which dog owners can hardly do anything to prevent. But the dangers of poisoning in dogs are mostly within their own four walls: If the dog accidentally consumes human medication or certain foods such as chocolate, this can have fatal consequences for the animal. Plants are also a common cause of poisoning in dogs. But no matter whether they grow in the house, in the garden or in nature: Here the dog owner can prevent poisoning by informing himself exactly, removing poisonous plants from his household and being careful when walking.

Symptoms of poisoning in dogs

In order for the dog to be helped in the event of poisoning, it is important to recognize the symptoms quickly. Depending on the amount and type of poison, they occur within a few hours – rarely within a few days. According to the Federal Veterinary Association, symptoms of poisoning in dogs can be:

  • profuse salivation
  • Tremble
  • Apathy or intense excitement
  • weakness
  • Circulatory problems (collapse with unconsciousness)
  • Vomit
  • choke
  • diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Blood in vomit, feces, or urine (for rat poison)
  • Difficulty breathing up to and including shortness of breath
  • Changes in the pupils and the lining of the mouth

Vomiting in dogs can be a symptom of poisoning. © mumemories-stock.adobe.com

Poisonous houseplants for dogs

Dog owners should urgently refrain from using house plants that are poisonous for dogs. These include the following plants:

  • Agave plants
  • Cyclamen
  • Amaryllis family
  • azalea
  • Weeping fig, strangler fig and all other types of ficus
  • Bow hemp
  • Christ star, Christ thorn
  • chrysanthemum
  • Clivie
  • Datura
  • Dieffenbachia
  • Dragon tree
  • Efeutute
  • A leaf
  • Elephant tree
  • Flamingo flower
  • Window leaf
  • geranium
  • Rubber tree
  • Heart leaf
  • Lilies (all kinds)
  • oleander
  • Orchids (all kinds)
  • Passion flower
  • Philodendron
  • primrose
  • Christmas star
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Many popular houseplants are poisonous to dogs. © Stock.adobe.com/New Africa

Poisonous garden plants for dogs

Many garden plants are also poisonous to dogs:

  • (Blue) monkshood
  • Boxwood
  • Wood anemone
  • Dipladenia (Mandevilla)
  • ivy
  • yew
  • Angel trumpet
  • thimble
  • honeysuckle
  • Laburnum
  • Autumn crocus
  • hydrangea
  • Cherry laurel
  • crocus
  • Lupins
  • lily of the valley
  • oleander
  • delphinium
  • rhododendron
  • hemlock
  • Thuja
  • Deadly nightshade
  • Tulips
  • juniper
  • Miracle shrub / croton
  • Desert rose
  • cedar

Even small amounts of blue monkshood can cause death in dogs. © LianeM-stock.adobe.com

Poisonous wild plants for dogs

Many plants that are poisonous for dogs also grow in nature. When walking, you should pay attention to the following plants:

  • Arum
  • Henbane
  • Bittersweet
  • Buckwheat
  • Nightshade
  • yew
  • Spotted hemlock
  • Henbane
  • Laburnum
  • Autumn crocus
  • elder
  • Dog parsley
  • Hyacinths
  • Jacob’s ragwort
  • lily of the valley
  • Poppy
  • Daffodils
  • Mushrooms (various)
  • Pfaffenhütchen
  • Tansy
  • Giant hogweed / Hercules shrub
  • Opium poppy
  • Snowball
  • snowdrop
  • daphne
  • Thorn apple
  • Deadly nightshade
  • White Germer
  • Meadow hogweed
  • Bryan

Warning: This list includes many, but not all, plants that are poisonous to dogs. If you are getting a plant that you are not sure whether it is toxic to your dog, do your research beforehand!

The Herkulesstade is extremely poisonous for dogs. © lichtbildmaster-stock.adobe.com

Poisoning in the dog: what to do!

If your dog is showing symptoms of poisoning or you have been able to see them eat a poisonous plant, don’t hesitate and see a veterinarian as soon as possible. Because the sooner the dog is treated, the more likely it is that it will get well again. If you know which plant the dog has eaten, take it with you to the vet.

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First aid for poisoning by plants:

  • Convey calm
  • Lay unconscious dogs flat on their side and turn their heads so that vomit and saliva can run out of their mouths.
  • Administer charcoal tablet

The charcoal tablet binds the poison in the dog’s intestines so that it cannot get into the circulation. You should always have a charcoal tablet handy and clarify with your veterinarian how much you should give your dog in an emergency.

Attention! You should not do the following in the event of poisoning:

  • try to make the dog vomit
  • Infuse milk or oil, because the absorption of some toxins is accelerated!