Even as a puppy, a dog should get used to walking on a leash. Even if it is not always easy to convince a young dog to leave the leash, it is still necessary. In many places it is mandatory to be on a leash. Read here how your dog gets used to a leash.
Before the first lesson you should let your dog run around extensively. Have a treat ready to give him immediately after being leashed. So he is still busy chewing while you tie up the leash. In addition: He will combine the leash with a positive experience.
First, adjust to your puppy’s speed so that the leash is slack. Talk to your pup so that he can focus on you. If he refuses to move forward, stop too. and lure him with a treat. If he storms, give him a short sign (either name or shout “Look here”) to get his attention.
Then turn around and walk the other way. At first he will want to charge again. Do not give in to this urge, but repeat the process described a few times. The dog will find that it cannot move forward this way. As soon as he is walking next to you on a loose leash, you should praise him profusely. So he realizes that this is the only right way for him.
The first walk on a leash doesn’t have to be long. A few minutes are sufficient for puppies. After 15 minutes, even an adult dog can no longer concentrate.
However, never untie the leash before you have taken a few steps “on foot”. In general, only practice with your dog when you are in a good mood yourself. Since you transfer the mood to your four-legged friend, a bad mood can be a hindrance during training.
The four-week-old puppy should be used to wearing a soft collar at the breeder. The straps achieve an educational side effect: the unknown choker becomes a natural accessory for life.
In addition, while playing with each other, the puppy registers that a pull on the collar restricts freedom of movement until the wearer gives in and follows the pull. In the eighth week of life, when the puppies are allowed to take their first walks outside, a real collar replaces the puppy ring.
A harness is particularly recommended for puppies, as this exerts the tensile force on the chest, which is strong and pronounced in dogs. This should be individually adapted to each dog, because poorly fitting harness can also cause pain and poor posture.
If your dog can walk on a leash without pulling, a collar is also possible. Choose one that won’t press down on the larynx or slide over your head at the slightest resistance. Well-padded leather collars should lie so loosely around the neck that they can easily fit two fingers between them.
You have to work out the ideal length of the leash yourself: the dog should be able to walk a whole dog’s length in front of your knee without it being taut. The holder is in your loosely hanging hand. Retractable leashes (flexi leashes) with an automatic stop are not suitable as a training accessory, because the dog learns that pulling on the leash leads to success, namely to a larger radius of action.