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Vomiting in the dog: causes and treatment

Vomiting is also a kind of reflex in dogs: numerous organs such as the esophagus, stomach and intestines are equipped with vomiting receptors that transmit a signal to the brain stem. The dog then vomits. Find out what triggers vomiting and how you can help your dog here.

Causes of Vomiting

The reasons that the dog vomits are very diverse. The following triggers can be responsible:

  • stress
  • Strong pain
  • Side effects of certain drugs

In addition, many diseases can also be the cause of vomiting in dogs. This includes:

  • Liver or pancreatic disease
  • Hormonal disorders (diabetes mellitus)
  • Central nervous system disorder (tumor)

Diet can also trigger nausea in dogs. Pay attention to what your dog is eating and you may quickly find out why your dog has vomited. Possible triggers are:

  • abrupt change of feed
  • Ingestion of food that is too cold
  • Ingestion of certain feed components (foreign bodies, bones)
  • Feed allergy
  • Stomach overload due to swelling feed or too large amounts of feed
  • spoiled food (toxins, bacteria, yeast, mites or beetles formed by mold)

Too large portions can cause vomiting. © stock.adobe.com/Saim Sam

Symptoms accompanying vomiting

Before the dog vomits, there is an increased secretion of saliva. The dog’s abdominal muscles contract strongly, causing the food to be expelled from the stomach.

If your dog vomits occasionally with normal food and fluid intake, no further symptoms usually follow. If the dog vomits several times a day for an extended period of time, it can cause serious health problems. When vomiting, the dog loses a lot of water. In severe cases, a very high loss of fluid can lead to cardiovascular stress and even circulatory shock.

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The dog is given an infusion at the vet. © stock.adobe.com/ibreakstock

Properly treat dog vomiting

Effective therapy is only possible once you have found the cause of the vomiting. If your dog vomits over a long period of time, the fluid loss must be compensated for. Be sure to take your dog to the vet.

The cause must also be found in the case of single vomiting. If in doubt, you should have your dog checked by the vet.