Cocker Spaniels originated in Spain and gradually spread throughout Europe. They were very popular in France and Great Britain, moreover, it was in England that these dogs were bred in huge numbers and crossed among themselves in order to obtain various breeds.
Therefore, in fact, almost all modern spaniels come from England, although they were originally brought from Spain. In the early stages, breeders tried to expand certain properties of the dog, as well as achieve certain external characteristics. Over time, the breed was divided into two types – water and terrestrial spaniels. Dogs were used for hunting on land and water, respectively.
The Welsh (Welsh) Springer Spaniel was considered a type of land spaniel. Many medieval written records mention the Welsh Spaniel, from which, according to historians and dog breeders, a slightly later Welsh Springer developed. Renaissance tapestries often depict a land spaniel very reminiscent of the Welsh Springer Spaniel.
This breed became the favorite hunting dog of the English aristocracy and nobility in the 18th century (1700s), but in the 19th century, English springers and other varieties of spaniels took over the palm of their hand, the number of which grew. However, during the Victorian era, the Welsh Springer Spaniel regained its popularity.
At early shows in the 1800s, Welsh Springer Spaniels competed in the same class as English Springer Spaniels, with the only color difference. The Welsh Springer Spaniel was recognized by the British Kennel Club as a separate variety from the English Springer Spaniel in 1902. At the very beginning, immediately after the recognition, the breed was called the Welsh Spaniel or Welsh Cocker.
When the first dog shows were held in the early 19th century, the Welsh Springer Spaniel and the English Springer competed in the same class. The only difference between them was the color of the coat. At the very beginning, immediately after recognition, the breed was called the Welsh Spaniel or Welsh Cocker. The Welsh Springer Spaniel was recognized as a separate breed by the British Kennel Club in 1902.
These are small dogs, with soft, curly hair that forms curls on the ears, neck, chest and other places (by the way, this feature in the springer and other spaniels simply fascinated the aristocracy in the distant past). The limbs are proportional, the forehead is slightly pronounced, the ears are drooping. The tail is short. The color is bright red with white.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel breed has a wonderful, harmonious character, like the vast majority of other spaniels. These are very cute and affectionate animals who love their family unreservedly and are boundlessly devoted to it. Despite the fact that for several hundred years this breed has performed hunting functions, now no one considers them in this capacity, now they are companions and friends for the whole family for every day.
The Welsh Spaniel has a high energy level and needs daily walks. Moreover, dogs love long walks and games throughout their lives, perhaps until they reach old age. Also, try to make sure to devote 30 minutes a day to vigorous physical activity. Since the pet must maintain its muscles in a healthy state, in addition, it always has a beneficial effect on the overall psychological state of the animal.
The breed has excellent intelligence and good memory, can learn many commands, although usually in this case the owners are limited to the basic ones. Socialization is recommended earlier, as with most other dogs, as this will help make the character more open and less timid, shy, which will have a good effect on the interaction of the animal with other dogs and people.
Regarding strangers, we can say that the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not show aggression, and his attitude can vary from indifferent to friendly. He treats children well, for them they are the first friends and partners for games and other entertainments.
These pets are sensitive in nature, acutely perceive the negative attitude of the owner, his bad mood, therefore in no case should you vent your anger on the animal. It is deeply and permanently postponed. In addition, spaniels are generally quite emotional dogs. Their emotionality can sometimes even reach the point of absurdity, when a young dog, bringing the owner, who was not at home for several hours (he just went to the store or on business), is so glad to see him that she may even have involuntary urination. In this case, it is recommended not to pay attention to the dog immediately upon coming home, as its excitement will only increase. Just go about your usual activities, and after 10 minutes you can pet your pet.
The breed has hunter instincts, sometimes they can manifest themselves quite strongly, then the dog can chase a bird or some small animal. It is not recommended to leave them alone for a long time, or to deprive them of attention, as Welsh Springer Spaniels have a hard time going through such things.
Dogs of the Welsh Springer Spaniel breed generally respond well to training, and respond positively to teaching commands and rules of behavior. Of course, there are some nuances in working with these dogs. In particular, you should not use harsh teaching methods, and even raise your voice intelligently without losing your head. Even if the dog does not understand you from the first, or even the second time.
Also, do not make the workout monotonous, or too long. It is better to do two short sessions over a long walk, with activity, play, positive attitude and encouragement, rather than one long session during which the dog will need to be forced.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel needs to be combed out two to three times a week; the dog needs to be bathed at least once a week. The ears are cleaned three times a week, the eyes are cleaned daily. The nails are trimmed about three times a month. After walking, you need to clean your ears and other parts of the body of leaves, dry grass, dust and other debris that your spaniel can collect in the bushes, in the park, etc.
Like other breeds, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is prone to several diseases, including:
- dysplasia of the hip joint;
- von Willebrand disease;