West Siberian Laika – This is the most numerous of the 4 varieties of Laika existing today. The other three are:
- Karelian-Finnish Laika;
- Russian-European Laika;
- East Siberian Laika.
West Siberian huskies are considered aboriginal dogs that have long lived in the northern regions of Russia, mainly in Siberia. They lived and roamed together with the peoples of the north thousands of years ago, moreover, even today, many tribes still retain these dogs as universal companions.
Although West Siberian huskies are used as sled dogs, however, in their original form, they are precisely universal human helpers performing a wide variety of functions. It is believed that these breeds are very close to their ancestors – wolves. Despite the fact that we mention four varieties of huskies, in fact, there were many more of these varieties.
When, at the beginning of the 20th century, the tide of commodity economy, the development of the northern regions, industrialization began to displace nomadic tribes, and reduce the population of huskies, breeders began to seriously worry about the preservation of these beautiful animals. After World War II, it was decided to divide all existing varieties into four main ones, with the aim of further targeted breeding in nurseries. Thus, a variety of individuals were selected and transported to large dog breeding farms in the country.
They are large dogs with a muscular, athletic build. The outlines of the body are almost square, the muzzle is slightly elongated, the ears are erect. The limbs are of medium length, the tail is lifted up and twisted into a ring. There are three most common colors: gray, white, pale red.
Since the West Siberian Laika is an aboriginal breed that has grown for thousands of years in almost semi-wild conditions, with people who also led a rather primitive lifestyle, even today these dogs retain many primitive features.
Firstly, these are hunting instincts, which exist and do not disappear anywhere, even if the dog lives in the house. Of course, they will not be so pronounced, but on the street your pet will definitely try to catch a squirrel, a bird, and all the yard cats will be prey for him. Although he can be taught to live under the same roof as a cat, they will make friends and behave themselves.
Aggressive attitude towards strangers is not typical, only if the dog does not live in a private house and is not aware of its guard functions. If you have a private house, and the dog is often in the yard, acting as a watchdog, it will bark at strangers, this is undoubtedly. However, the dog also always looks at the attitude of the owner, and changes its behavior accordingly.
They are very intelligent animals, to say the least. They perfectly understand a person, recognize his emotional state, and understand the relationship between people, and perceive speech well. It is extremely difficult for them to endure the long separation from their family and owner, and for a very long time they get used to the new family. They are unusually affectionate, kind and loyal with their people.
They have strong territorial instincts, and if other animals enter the husky’s territory, war cannot be avoided, with all the ensuing consequences. Especially if it is a dog of the same sex. Children are well received, but the child needs to be taught how to handle the pet correctly. They know how to distinguish between domestic animals and wild ones. If you want to keep another dog along with the husky, they must be raised together from an early age, since a mature husky will not let another dog into its territory.
If you suppress the animal, forcing him to accept another dog, this will be perceived as humiliation and personal insult. From this, the character will simply break. Only huskies raised together can organize a flock. Also keep in mind that the West Siberian Laika has a high level of energy, needs walks, training, mental stimulation and games that simulate hunting. This is if you are not a hunter by nature, and the dog is deprived of such activities in its natural environment.
Also, the West Siberian Laika can dig under the fence, does not perceive the darkness and tight spaces (it takes training and getting used to it), and sometimes it can gnaw a hole in the fence just to go for a walk. Including – and to the nearest trash can, paradoxically. By the way, some northern peoples, for example the Mansi, allow their huskies to go to the forest from time to time, so to speak, on their own business.
They are very healthy dogs and rarely get sick.